Samson Occom's Journal, 1761 September 15-October 22


abstractOccom details his travels over the course of September and October of 1761.

handwritingThe legibility of Occom’s usually clear handwriting is heavily mitigated by the poor condition of the paper.

paperSmall sheets folded into a booklet and sewn together with thread/twine are in poor condition, with heavy staining, yellowing, fading and wear. There is a hole in the bottom of one recto/verso.

inkBrown ink is heavily faded.

noteworthyThere are several uncrossed t's and crossed l's that have been corrected by the transcriber. An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten Occom’s hand in black ink; these edits have not been transcribed. On one recto, in the second line, the word beginning "Conn…" likely refers to an Oneida or Onondaga town. The town could possibly be: 1) Gannentaha, the site of a Jesuit mission among the Onondagas; 2) Kaunehsuntahkeh, a Tuscarora village east of Oneida creek; 3) Canasaraga, in the Onondaga territory near present-day Syracuse; or 4) Kauhanauka, a Tuscarora town. In several instances, it is uncertain as to whether a name refers to a person or place; these names have been left untagged. It is possible, however, that these uncertain names refer to inns or taverns and the names of their owners. Starting on the bottom of five verso and finishing on one verso, the phrase "Samson Occom of Mohegan" is written upside-down in large letters, indicating that Occom was reusing paper for the pages of this journal.

EventsOccom’s First Mission to the Oneidas

Modernized Version Deletions removed; additions added in; modern spelling and capitalization added; unfamiliar abbreviations expanded.

September the 15

I set out from  Conn[illegible]oo[illegible]ah by way  of Tuscarora and took  my Leave of them about  10 o'clock Several of the Indians  went with me to Oneida  got there about 1 in the  afternoon — was kindly  received by the Oneidas 

Sabbath September the 20

Preached  at Oneida a great Num  ber of the Indians Came to  gether from all of the Castle  to hear the word of god. I  baptized 3 persons —  at Night Several made  a public confes[illegible][guess: te]on  three of the [gap: tear]Heads of the  3 Castles [gap: tear][guess: ma]de a public confession  and returned thanks by a  Belt of Wampum etc. — 

Monday September the 21 

I Left Oneida and  Several accompanied  me to fort Herkimer.  my mare got away  from me at Night,  and did not find   her 'til Friday just  Night,

Saturday September  the 26

we set away from  Fort Herkimers — got  about 4 miles below  Sir William Johnsons 

Sabbath September the 27

set  out very Early, and  got to Schenectady a  bout 10. went Meeting  with the People 
om of Mohegan 
heard Mr. Vroman Preach,  but I could not underst[illegible][guess: d]  went to See the priest  in the Evening and the  Next morning, he treated  very Kindly gave me  a Moha[illegible: [guess: q]]ue Book —  Set out about 9 got  to Albany at 12  and Several insisted upon my  staying at Albany the week  out, and to Preach on the  Sabbath, and I at Length  I complied with their desire 

Sabbath October the 4

I preached  in the morning in the City  Hall, to Presbyterian Con‐ gregation, and in the af ternoon I preached in  the English Church—  Monday. Married a 
couple in Albany, had  3 dollars Marrying. —    set out in the after  Noon towards Home, got  So far as Coeymans. — 

Tuesday. October the 6

Set  out very Early in the  Morning, and reached  to Kings Bridge at Night 

october the 7

we set out  from the Kings Bridge very  Early in the Morning, and  about the middle of the after  Noon my mare was about  Sli[illegible][guess: nk]ing her fold and we  were obliged to Put up  at [gap: omitted] 
set out very early in the  Morning forward and [illegible]  Stop at Poughkeepsie to [illegible]  Preach in the Evening.  and about Candle Light  we began our exercise in  the State House and there  was a great Number of  People to attend, and at  tended very seriously —  and they gathered   £1: 7: 0. for me —; and they  were very solicitous to  have me Stay the Sabbath  over but I could not to be  my Duty to Comply — 

Friday October the 9

we set  out from Poughkeepsie  Towards York. and got  So far as Rogers at Nig 
and so far as Roger's  at Night, and there turned  in.

Saturday October the 10 

we set out very Early in  the Morning on our Jour‐ ney, and got So far as  Browns by Dobbs ferry, and  there turned in, but met  with very disagreeable  Company,— 

Sabbath October the 11

about  2 o'C in the after we set  out for New York and by  way of Whitestone Ferry and  lodged by the Ferry — 

Monday October the 12

about  9 we got over upon Long  Island, and from there set  away for New York and  got into the City about 
set went to M wells  and were very Kindly  received, found them all  well and — Next Day went  to visiting my Friends was  kindly received by all — 

Friday October ye 16

to‐ wards Night we went over  to Long Island [gap: faded] and to  Jamaica at Night, and 

Saturday October the 17

set  Early in the Morning, and  got to Huntington at Nig[gap: stain]  and kept Sabbath there 

Monday October the 18 

we set away homeward  Got So far as Mulfords  at Night T 

Tuesday October 19

set out  very Early in the Morning. 
and got Shinnecock at  Night found the Indians  well. they were very glad  to See me once more, — 

Wednesday October 20

we went  off very Early in the morning  got to Bridgehampton be‐ fore Night lodged at Mr.  Browns, my Friends were  Exceeding glad to See me 

Thursday October 21

we  went on our Journey, got  to Mr. Buell's at Easthampton  Some Time in the after  Noon, we were very 
Kindly received by all  my Friends, 

Friday October 22

went  on towards home, visited  my Friends and Neighbours  all the way, were  extremely well received by  them all, got home at  Night found my Poor  Family well except our  youngest Child. it had  been very Sick but it  was getting well, —  Thanks be to Almighty  god for goodness to us. 
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Samson Occ 
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