Samson Occom, journal, 1789 May 11 to 1790 January 10


abstractOccom details his travels through New York and New England, from May 11, 1789, to January 10, 1790.

handwritingHandwriting is largely clear and legible. There are some crossed l's and uncrossed t's, which the transcriber has corrected.

paperSeveral small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with small pins are in fair-to-poor condition, with significant wear that results in some loss of text. There are a few loose pages and the last page is torn in half.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity throughout.

noteworthyThere are underlinings in black ink throughout and notes by later editors on the back of the last page (16 verso) in black ink and pencil; these edits have not been transcribed. On the scan of 11 recto, text from 12 recto shows through; the actual first line of 11 recto begins "gether. to Meeting…." Several other of the following scans show text from adjacent pages. On 15 recto, the name of the river that Occom mentions is uncertain; however it is possibly the Thames River. Persons and places whose names are illegible have not been tagged. If Occom's intention regarding a word or abbreviation is uncertain, that word or abbreviation has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription.

Monday May 11: 1789

We arrivd at Albany, Juſt be fore Night, and I we went to  See about geting a wagan to  Cary us to [illegible]Schenactida, — but  got none, Tueſday

Tueſday May 12:

got a wagan  early and we Loaded about  10: and we Sot off, and we got  to Schenactida[illegible] Juſt before  Sun Sit, and we were very  wet for had Rain moſt of the way  and I was much beat out, and  we put our things in Mr John  Poſt Barn, and there we lodg[illegible][guess: d]  We went to Begd Soon — —

Wedneſday May 13:

about  5: I attended upon a Lecture  and there was not ma^n^y  People, becauſe they had not  Notice— I Spoke from, 1 Corin  7: 22: 30: and the People a[gap: worn_edge][guess: t] 
[gap: worn_edge][guess: t]ended becomingly, and they  made me a Collection, and  it was godd for the Times — —

Thirdsday May 14:

was at  the Place all Day — —


was at all Day  again — —

Satturday May 16:

a bout  10 we pout a Boar of a Batoe  our things, and we went  over the River, and walkd  up the River a bout 2 miles  and there we Stopt Some at  a Certain Houſe, and the man  of the Houſe gave us a Dinner  and about 1: the Boat Cam  up, and Sot off Some Time  in the after Noon, and we  got to Hi[illegible][guess: c]ry Tavern, and the[gap: tear][guess: re]  we Lodgd,—

Sabb May 17:

Sot of early  and we got to Warrans 
Buſh , at Night and my  wife and I Lodgd at Mr Bar tlets, my good old Friends —

Monday May 18:

wen on again  early, and reachd to Kaconawa[illegible][guess: u]^ka^  and my wife I Lodgd at Mr  Vaders, — —

Tueſeday May 19:

Sot off again  early, and we were over  with Rain at Major Fonda's  and my wife I went into the  Houſe, and we were kindly  Treated had Dinner, and  we we a little further and  there Lodgd at Mr Hardys —

Wedneſday May 20:

got up  early and got us Breakfaſt  and then we puſ[illegible]hd on and  we got up above fort Plain  and we Made up a fire by  the Sigde of the River and  there we Spent the Night —

Thirdsday May 21

got up  early and got Breakfaſt 
and as Soon as we had ate  we went on again, and in  the we got to Conajohare and  we Lodgd a little above ^old Mohaw^k^^  Caſtle, and we made up a fire  near the River, near by one  Mr John Vantreſer, — —

Fryday May 22:

Soon after  eating we went on again  and in the Evening we got  a little below Fort Harkamer  and we made up a Fire  again by the River, and  there we Slep — —

Saturday May 23

in the  morning we went on again  we made a Halt at Mr Fran^ks^  and after that we paſt on  here a white woman took  our Little Salley, and mad  wa[illegible]lk about 8 miles She  only four and half year old  She was much worried 
in the Evening we got Mr  Tygurts, and the we Lodgd  my wife and I in a Hovel  the Reſt Lodgd in the Boat —

Sabb May 24:

got up early  and I went over the River  and went to Fort De[illegible][guess: a]ton and  there I preachd, Twice to a  large number of People, and  I Spoke from Jonah III: 5  and 1 Corin XVI. 22 and the  People attended with all gra vity and Solemnity,— took my  Dinner at Mr Tolcuts — and  as Soon as the meeting was  done I went with Dr Petre  and there took Tea — and  as Soon as we had done I  had an Horſe got up for me  and a young man with a nother Horſe to accompany  wme towards Fort Schiler  and we Soon Sot off, and we 
got about 4 miles Short of  the Fort, and there I got down  and the Young man went back  with Horſes, and I walked a long about a mile, and found  Tired, and I went into a Certain  Houſe, and aſked whether I  Coud not Stay there, and they  Said I might, and so I Stayd—  and the man of the Houſe aſkd  me wether I Cou'd not give them  a Diſcourſe, I told them I Coud,  and So they Sent out word, &  Neighbours Came in directly  and there was a Conſiderable  Number of People Collected.  and it is a New Settement,—  and I Spoke from the words  he that believeth on the Son  of god, hath the witneſs in  himſelf — and the People at tended with Solemnity — Soon af ter Meeting I went to bed, and  reſted well. — —

Monday may 25:

got up  early and Sot off, and I got  to weavers Town Soon, and went  in old Mr Weaver's Houſe, and  there took Breakfaſt, and  Soon after went on a gain &  got to my Family. about  10 ^at Fort Schioler^ and found them all well,  and there we Stayd all Day  and the Boat that brought us  went on to Niegara. – —

Tueſday May 26:

was aga^in^  at the Place all Day — towards  Night, our Anthony Paul Came  and Brother David Fowler  Came to us, and Stayd all Nig  with us — — —

Wedneſday May 27:

Soon after  Breakfaſt, we Sot off for B[illegible]ro therton,. and we had Rain  to travil in, and to our Place  a little before Sun Sit, and  were very much w[illegible][guess: a]rried, and  we went to Bed Soon. — —

Sabb May 31:

Preachd at  Brother Town [illegible] to not a large  Congregation, Spoke from,  [gap: omitted] and the People were  attentive, and were glad to See  me once more. — —

Monday June 1 &c:

this week  went to warrins Buſh, — —

Sabb June 7:

Preachd at  Elder Mudges meeting Houſe  in Yankey hill, Spoke from  [gap: omitted] and there was a vaſt  Number of People, and attend ed with great attention, a


Towards Night Prea^hd^  at M

Tueſday June 9.

went to  Albany Buſh, and there  I preachd at a Certain  Houſe. and there was not  many People, and they attended  with Seriousneſs — —

Wedneſday June 10,

was at  Phaladelphia Buſh, Came here  laſt Night, and Lodgd at one  Mr Sharmans,— and about 9  the People Collected together at  the Same Houſe, and I preachd  to them, Spoke from [gap: omitted]  and the People attended well  as Soon as the meeting was  over, I with one Mr [gap: omitted]  and I Dined there, and as soon  I had ate, I went on to John  Town, and So on — — —

Fryday June 112.

got to Fort‑ Plain before Noon, put up 
at Mr Jonathan Deans, one of  my good old Friends, found them  all well; — — Towards Night the  People Collected, and there was  but few, — and I Spoke from [gap: omitted]  [gap: omitted] Lodgd at at the Same Houſe

Saturday June 13

Some Time  before Noon, Sot off again, and  got to Garman Flats Some  Time before, ^N^ and I put at Esqr  Franks,—

Sabb: June 14

after Break faſt went over to Fort Dayton  and there preachd in a Dutch  meeting Houſe, and there was  a large Number of People, and  I Spoke from [gap: omitted] Isa. V:

July 1 Sab

Preachd at the gar man flats

Auguſt 1 Sab Sepr 1. ^S^ and  Sepr the laſt Sab.

the Texts  I Spoke from [gap: omitted] 
by one man Sin entered into  the World &c Jeſus Chriſt the  Same &c. Underſtandeſt thou  what thou readeſt — at Esqr  Franks on week Day, thy hear^t^  is not right in the Sight of god  So then every one of us Shall give  an account of himſelf to god. —
Blank page.

Sepr 1

was Call by the Major  Coldbreath to be with them in their  Training at Clinton; about 2  in the after noon they were all  Collected, and the major Came to  Capt Tuttles where I was and  he acompanied me to the Com pany, and a fine appearence  they made for the firſt Time  there was upwards of a Hundr^ed^  likely young men, the Place  has been Settling only one ^2^ Year  and an half,— I gave them  a few words of Exhortation, and  then Prayd, and then they exer ciſd a little while,— and then went  to Dinner, they put me at the head  of the Table, and a fine Dinner  we had,— in the evening I went  to Capt Bullings and there Ld  and was kindly entertaind.—

Sepr 2:

I went home —

Sepr 18: 1789 Fryday

left home  and Sot out for New England, my  Son Andrew acompanied, we got to  Fort Sckiler before Night, and we  Stayd there all Night —

Sepr 19

we got up very early  and Sot off, and we got to Fort  Dayton near 12, Calld on Mr  Talcutt, and took Dinner, and  Soon after eating, my Boy went  back,— And towards Night I  went overt to Esqr Franks, and  there Lodgd, — —

Sabb Sepr 20:

Preachd at  Esqr Franks Barn, and there  was a vaſt Number of People,  Lodgd at the Esqrs — —

Monday Sepr 21:

Some Time in  the morning, I went to Mr Kains  and was there a while, and then  went back to Fort Harkumer,  took Dinner with Mr [gap: omitted]

^Tueſday 22^

Toward Night, Esqr Phelps Bat too Come a long, and I got a B[illegible]th  in it, and I went a Board, and  we went down and got to the  little Falls after Sun Set and  there we Lodgd, — —

Wedneſday Sepr 23:

got up very  early, and had things Caried below  the Falls, and So we went on down  the River, and we go to Cohneneau ka and we Lodgd at a Tavern,  we found the River exceeding low  and very difficult in Some Places  to get along, the men were obligd  to get out of the Boat very often —

Thirdsday Sepr 24 Octr 1

Sot off very  Early again, and got to Schena tada a little before Night. and  I Lodgd at Mr Poſts -– — —

Fryday SeprOctr 2

got up early,  and went to a Certain Houſe  where I expected to have a Chance  in a Wagon, but was diſapointe^d^  and So I went on a foot, and Some 
in the after Noon a Friend over  took me, and he took ^me^ in his wagon  and we got to Albany Juſt after  Sun Sit, and I Lodgd at Mr Orrs  and I went to Bed Soon — — —

Saturday Octr 3.

Some Time  before Noon Sot off a foot again  went to Coegman Pattern, and  I met Dr Utter, and his Brother  and they Said they woud be  back Soon, and woud take  Me in their wagon, and Juſt  before Sun Set they over took  and I went with them, and we  Calld at Dr Utters a little while  and Mr Jeſee Utter Caried to his  Houſe, and it was near mid N  before we got there, and there  I Lodged, — — —

Sabb 4:

as Soon as we got our  Breakfaſt, we went into a  wagan and to meeting at 
Dor Utters about 4 miles. &  there I Preachd. Spoke from  Acts VIII. 21. and the People attended  well,— In the after Noon, we went  to Mr Conrod Tenikes Barn, and ^there^  we had a meeting, and there was  a large Number of People, and  I Spoke from Jonah III: 5: and  the People attended with great  Attention, and it was a Rainey  Day,— in the evening Preachd  in Mr Corod Tenikes Houſe, and  there was a Conſiderable of  People, and I Spoke from Matt  I: 21: and the People behaved  well — Lodgd at the Houſe the^[below]y^  are Ducth People, and they were  very kind to me, and reſt well — —

Monday Octr 5:

Some Time be‐ fore Noon, I had an Horſe broug^ht^  me and I went to Mr Northops  and found them very Religious  about 2. we began the meeting 
and there was a great Number  of People,— Lodgd at the Same  Houſe. —

Tuſed Tuſeday M Octr 6

As Soon as I  had done eating, we went[illegible] to  Dr Stantons, — and we began  the meeting about 11: and there  was a great Number of People  and I Spoke [illegible]from [gap: omitted] in the aftr Noon preachd again — and  Spoke from [gap: omitted] in the  Evening I went to M.r Stantons  and did not expect to have  any People, but there was  a number, Came together &  we a little meeting, — and  I Lodgd at the Same Houſe  and reſt well — — —

Wedneſday Octr 7:

Soon af^r^  Beakfast we went to M.r Tenik  about 2 we began the mee 
the meeting, and there was  a great Number of People  and I Spoke from Marck V: 4  and the People attended well —  Lodgd at Mr Tenikes — — —  after meeting I we to mr  John Colvins' and there we  had a nothere meeting, unexp^tedly^  and there was a large number  of People and I Spoke to them  Matt Seek ye firſt &c: and the  People were much movd, it  was a Comfortable meeting, I  Lodgd at the Same Houſe, — —

Thirdsday Octr8:

oin the morn  I went to See a woman that  had been Sick Some Time.  and Said few word to her and  Prayd with her, — and then  went back, and took break faſt, and Soon after Mr Colvin  went with me to the River, [gap: worn_edge][guess: and]
Mr Wells at Albany 
1 Corin 6: 19 —  we parted the River, and I  over to S[illegible][guess: c]odock, and from there  went to Mr Lotts about 7 miles  and I walkd a bout 2 ^m^ and half  and then Mr Brown overtook  me, and he Caried me to Mr  Lotts, got there near Sun Set  and we were very glad to See  each other once more,— Lodgd  at the Same Houſe — — —

Fryday ^9^

Some Time in the  morning I went to Mr Daniel  Muckmullins, and to Mr Ephra  Bailys, towards Night went  back to Mr Lotts, and there we  had a meeting in the evening  and there a large Number  of People I Spoke from [gap: tear]  Gal. IV 11 
gether to Meeting, and I Spoke  from Job I: 9 and the People  attended with great affection  I Lodgd at the Same Houſe —

Tueſday Octr 13:

Mr Whilly  Came to Mr Lotts quite early  to acompany me down to Scodock  Landing, got there Soon, and  Capt Allyn was not ready, &  Mr Whilly went back, —

Wedneſday, ^Octr 14:^

was at the Schoon ner all, Day —

Thirdsday Octr 15:

Some Time  in the after Noon we weighd  Ancker, and Spred Sail to  the Wind, and went the River  got but about 10: 11: and  there we Dropt Anker

Fryday Octr 16

found  the wind a Head of us and 
So we lay Still till a bout 2  in the after Noon and the  wind Sprang about weſt North weſt and went down again —

Saturday Octr 17

Some Time  in the Day went on again  but did not go but little ways —

Sabb: Octr 18:

went on again  but did not go far — —

Monday Octr 19.

got but a little  ways again —

Tueſday Octr 20

went on again  not far.

Wedneſday Octr 21.

went on Still  got near New York — —

Thirdsday Octr 22

a little after  Sun riſe we were a Shore —  went directly to find a Paſage  to New London and found one  Soon, in a Sloop goin to N London  Towards Night I put [gap: worn_edge] 
my things. and Lodged a Board  Capt Fellows is Maſter of her —

Fryday, ^23^

Some Time before  Noon we Sot Sail, and went  on the Wind in our Favour  and we Saild all Night,—

Saturday Octr 24.

we went  the wind in our favour Conſide rable. towards Night the wind  began to Blow hard, and the  Clouds gatherd thick and So  we Sought for a Harbor, and  Some Time before Sun Sit  we made a Harber, againſt  Brandford, and there Lay  all Night, and it was a  Stormy Night. —

Sabb. Octr 25

Some Time in  the Morning we Sot Sail, the  wind was right a Head as we  were geting out of the Har  [gap: worn_edge] 
but it was very fair when  we got out, and ^the^ Sun was  about an Hour and half high  at Night when we got faſt  ^at a^ warf and I went to See Some  Friends — Lodgd at Mr Perrys  a public Houſe,— and I Sot up  late with two women, Converſ ing about Religious matters  about 11. I went to Bed, and  I was taken Strangely in the  Night with an uncommon Swe^at^  but after a while went to Sleep  but did not Sleep well — —

Monday Octr 26:

Got up early  and it was a Stormy Day it  Raind very hard, and wind blew  hard alſo — towards Night I wen^t^  over to Groton, Calld on Capt Lathem  a few minutes, and then went  to Mr Streets, and there I took  food, and they let me have a  Horſe and went to Mr Woodman 
cys and there I Lodgd, and was  very kindly entertaind, went to  Bed Some what late, and Soon  after I got to Bed, I began to Swea^t^  again very much and was un  comfortable Slept but poorly —

Tuſday Octr 27.

got up early  and after Breakfaſt, I had a  Horſe, of Mr Woodmancy and I  went to Mr Saunderss and I met  Mr Saunders, and Mr Woodworth  and they glad to See me, and so  I paſt on, and when I got to the  Houſe, how glad they were, and  there I Stayd all Day — I expect ed my Mare, that I Left with  Mr Culver but She was rid  a way laſt Sabb: and was not  returnd, and and So I Stayd all ^Day^  and all Night —

Wedneſday 28:

after Breakfaſt  took leave of the Family, and 
went to old Mr Culvers, and by  the way I met mr Culver bringg  my Mare to me, and So got up  and went on my way, and Soon  got to Gails Ferry, and the wind  was very hard, and Coud not get  over, and So Stayd all Day at  evening the Wind was Still very  Strong and fl[illegible][guess: a]wee and So Conclu^ded^  to Stay all Night, and in the even ing the People of the Family aſkd  me, whether it woud be agrea^ble^  to me to have a few Neighbours  Come together, that I might Pray  with them, I told them it was  quite agreable,—

Thirdsday Octr 29

got up  early, and took Brea^k^faſt and  then went over — and got to  Son Benonis Some Time before  noon, and found him Sick &  had been very Sick for a bout 6: weeks, and was now 
a little Better,— and I went  on to my Old Houſe, and  them that live in my Houſe  were well, except the woman  and there I Stayd — and I was  poorly with the uncommon  Cold that is every where —

Sabb Novr 1:

was very warm  and I felt a little eaſy, and  I went S aſhpos expecting, to  Seen meeting, but he had none  and So went back — —

SabbOctrurday ^Novr 7^

was much poorly  yet I went to groton Indian T  got there after Sun Set, and  was receivd with great Love  in the evening we had a little  meeting — — —

Sabb: Octr ^Novr 8^

the People got  together about 10, and a great  number there was, and I Spo^k^  from Mat I. 21: and Acts VIII. 21  and the People attended with  great attention and many was  [gap: worn_edge][guess: greatly aff]ected — in the eveng 
went to Mr Stantons, and there ^had^  another meeting, and a great  many People there was — I Spoke  from Gala IV. 11 and the People  were very Serious — I Lodgd at  the Same Houſe — —

Sabb 15.

went to Mr Whalley and  preachd to a great Number, of  People I Spoke from Gal IV. 11  and the People gave very great  attention,— as Soon as the meetg  was over I went to widow  Fitches, and there was Conſide rable Number of People, and  they attended well, and as Soon  as the meeting was done, I went  home to my old Houſe — —

Sabb Novr 22

went to go over  to [illegible][guess: Paweuttuunuck], but it was  very Stormy, and Stopt — about  10 the Storm abated Some and  I Sot off got there about 12  and we the Service about 3  and there was a [gap: worn_edge] [gap: worn_edge][guess: People] 
and I Spoke from Jerem VIII. 6  and the People attended with great  Solemnity — and the People deſired  to have another meet in the evening;  and So we had another, and there  was more People in the evening  than in the Day Time, and Spoke  from I: Corin VII: 29. 30. and there  was greater attention. than in the  Day Time — I Lodgd at the Houſe  the Mans Name was Mr Herkules  and was kindly Treated. — —

Monday Novr 23

after Brea[gap: worn_edge]  I went to the River on Horſe Bac^k^  and the Wind blew very hard.  but I had a fine Chance, in a  Whale Boat, to get over the River  got home about 10: and directly  went to the People, that were Sur veying our Land. — —

Thirdsday Novr 26.

was to go over  to Mr Babcocks at groton  but it was a very bad Storm 

Saturday Novr 298:

towards  Night, I went to M[illegible]r Poſts at  Wecus Hill, in Norwich, got  there after Sun Set, Calld at  Mr John Poſts [illegible]and took Sup per there, and after that  went to old Mr Poſts, and  found, him very poorly, and  there I Lodgd, and he had Se veral fits in the Night —

Sabb: Novr 29.

The People  began to get to[illegible]gether a bout  10: and there was a large Con courſe of People we began  the Exerciſe about 11. and  Spoke from Isai I: 12: and the  People attended with great  Solemnity, and many were affec ted, to Tears — Soon after meet^g^  after Dinner, I returnd home  and had a meeting at my 
own Houſe and there was a  great many People, and I  Sopke from II Timo. 3: —

Janr 10

I have been to no meet ings four Sabbaths, we had  one very bad Stormy Sabb and  my Mind has been filld with  Trouble So that I have had no  peace, but Sorrow, grief and  Confuſion of Heart — and I am  yet in great Trouble, — —
Non-contemporary text has not been transcribed.