Samson Occom, journal, 1785 October 4 to 1786 December 4

ms-number785554

abstractOccom describes the events of the period between October 4, 1785, and December 4, 1786; they include an Indian wedding, the naming of Brothertown and other Brothertown business.

handwritingHandwriting is mostly clear and legible. There are several uncrossed t’s and crossed l’s, which the transcriber has corrected.

paperSeveral small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good condition, with light staining and wear. There is some fading, and the opening and closing pages are more worn than those inside them.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity.

noteworthyOn 18 recto, the identity of David Fowler's daughter is uncertain, and so she has been left untagged. On 19 recto, the identity of Elijah Wympy's son is uncertain, and so he has been left untagged; however, he may possibly be Elijah Wympy, Jr. On 23 recto, the identity of John Post's son is uncertain and so he has been left untagged. An editor, likely 19th-century, has written notes in black ink on one recto; these notes have not been included in the transcription. The date for “Sabbath Oct 30” should be 31. The date “Nov 2” should be Nov 20. Names and place names that are illegible have not been tagged. It is likely that the two Mr. John Smiths mentioned in this document are two different people.

[illegible][guess: Oct. 4,]  [illegible][guess: to Dec. 4.] 
Blank page.

1785 N: III  Tueſday Octr 4

After Brea  faſt, took leave of the Famy  and went on towards Ablbany  got there about 11: I turnd  to Mr John McKinnys a  Tervern keeper, and it  Raind extream hard. the  Rain Catcht us juſt as  we got over t[illegible]he Ferry, —  when the Rain abated I went to  See Some Friends, but moſt of  my particular Friends were  gone out of the City, went to  our good friend Hollenbacks  Inqured of him of my Daugh  Christiana but he Coud not tell  anything about them, he deſird  me to Baptiſe his Child, that  was born the Sabath Day Day  before which was the Second Day  of the Month, and I Examend  them Concerning their knowledg  of the Nature of Baptiſm. 
and their Duty to bring up  their Children in the Fear of god  and non to do it only out of Cus  tum and Faſhon, and they  promiſe to do their Duty, — and  in deed it was a great Trial to  me, and finally I Conſented —  and Some Time in the evening  I Baptiſed the Child by the Name  of J[illegible]enney, with the great Name  of the ever Bleſsed Trinity —  Lodgd at the Same Houſe, and  was kindly intertaind, — 

Wedneſday Octr 5

was in the City  till after noon, Dined at mr  Hollenbecks, and Soon after D–  Sot of from Albany, and got  to Loudensd Ferry and we coud  not get over, and Lodgd at  Mr F[illegible][guess: u]ndys. and they were  very agreable Folks — 

Thirdsday Octor 6:

went of  very early in morning and  went up to the Northward  becausſe we coud not get 
at this Place and we wen^[illegible][guess: t]^  So far as to Mr Whitney's in  Neſ[illegible]ia, and we wan  der about backwards and  forwards all Day, — got over  the River lower part of Nes  [illegible]ia, and Lodgd at poor  Tervern one Mr John  Smiths, — 

Fryday octr 17:

got up  very early in the morning  and Sot of for Saratoga and  we S^t^opt at Sev^el^y prlaces by  the way, and we found  no frinds in ^the^ Road, —  got to Still Waters about 12  Stopt Mr [gap: omitted] a Tervern and  Several knew me, and they offer^d^  us [illegible]Dinner and we acepted of  it kindly,— and here found out  the People had Concluded to have ^me^  keep Sabbath with them, good  old Mr Campell is a Miniſter  of this Place, and he was Sent 
for he Came Direc^t^ly to See me  and Concluded further to be with  them on the Sabbath, and two  went on but the Bridges were  So gone and Shatterd by the  Flood, that we Coud not go a  long by the River, and turnd  right off from the River, and  inquried after Mr Kalley, and  found him in the Duſk of the  evening, and was kindly recevd  his wife was not well; and I  went to another Family to Lodge  one old Mr Concling Lodged  with me, — — — 

Saturday Octr 9:

Soon after  Breakfaſt Sot of and went to the  River, got to the River ab 12:  Call in at Mr McCartys and  the offer us Dinner and we  Sot down to eat, — and here  we underſtood my Daughter  was eaſt Side of the River Cloſe  by the River, Soon after Dinr 
We Sot of again I went a foot  and left my Horſe with Mr  Mccarty, got over the River  about 2: in ther after noon  and went to the place where I hear^d^  my Daughter was, ^got^ to where Siſter  Dina lives, and there was no body  at home bout old mother Margery  after a while Isaac Tattleton  Came hom, and I got his mare to  go to where my Daughter lives, a  bout 7 miles further, and we  got to the Place Some Time in  the evening, and not well but  better than She had been  for She has been very Sick  the reſt were well, Thanks  be to the great god for his mercy  to me in the preſervation of  me and my Daughter and her  Family Lodged here — 

Sabbath Octr 9

got up very  early and Sot of to go Still waters  to preach in Mr Campels m–  got to the River a bout 9, and  Sent the mare back by James  waucus for he Came down with 
with me; got over Soon and I  on a foot and tryed to get a Horſe  at the firſt Houſe, but I Coud not  and went on foot, and two or three  Places. and all in Vain, a wagon  Came by me goining to meeting  [illegible][guess: and] I deſired him to help me  a long, but he woud not, at  laſt I gave up, and Sendt word  forward to have Horſe Sent me  and I went into a Houſe, told the  man of the Houſe of my difficul  ties, and he aſked me whether  I was going to hear the Strange  miſter, I told I Suppoſe I Should  hear him, and then told him,  the People Could not See that  Strange Creature till I got  there, and then he aſked me  whether it was I that they expe^cted^  —I told him Yes,—and he was  Surpriſed, and there were then  Several People going by, he  Called to them and told them I  was in the Houſe and wanted  help, and one of the men got 
down and offerd me his  Horſe to ride to meeting, and  I took it, and went on, got  there at half after 11, and there  was a prodigious large Congre  gathon the bigeſt that ever  was Seen in the Place, and I  went in, gave them a Short  diſcourſe, from Jona [gap: omitted] 5 verſe  in the after noon from another  the g People attended with grea^t^  and Solemn attention and with  many Tears, — as Soon as the  meeting was done, a gentleman  took me in his wagon, and Cari  ed me to Mr Powerss, the good  man recevd me with tender  neſs and Friendſhip, at Candle  lighting we went to meeting  in a Small Log meeting Houſe  and it was Crouded like a Bee  Hive, and the attended like  Criminals at the Bar, I beliv  they felt the power of the word  tho I was much Spent —Lodgd  at Elder Powerss — 

Monday Octr 10

was at Mr Powers  till near meeting Time, Elder  Powers let me have his Horſe 
to ride to Mr Kalleys meeting  got there near 12 Stopt a while  at a Houſe near the meeting H–  and Mr Kalley Came to me, &  we went to another Houſe, and  there we took Dinner — and Soon  after eating we went to meetg  and there was a Multitude of  People, and I preachd to them  from [gap: omitted] and there  was an affectionate attention  the Chriſtians were Some what  Elivated, and the Sinners were  alarmed, and I belive the Hypo  crites were Surpriſed and we  had a little intermiſtion, and  went to meeting again at Can  dle Lighting, and there was a  great number of People again  and they attended Solmnly,—  after meeting I went home with  with one Mr John Smith ^Carperter^ about  one Hundred Rods from the  meeting Houſe, and was extrea  well entertaind, we had very  agreable Converſation with the 
man and Woman after Conver  ſation, I went to bed quietly,— 

Tueſday Octr 11:

about 9: in  the morning Mr Kalley and I  went towards the North River,  Call'd on Mr Powers, and he was  geting ready to go with us, and  So we went on; got to mr Bacon's  about 11: and the People began  to Collectogerther, and about half  after one we began the meeting,  and the People Seemed to be tied  to the word, and I believe they  felft the Power of the word, Soon  after meeting we went to Mr  McCartys where I had left my  mare and the man C[illegible]harged  me nothing for keeping my  mare, and went on preſently  and Calld on Mr John Smith  and took DTea with them, and  directly went on to the Ferry —  got over about Sun Sit, and  went to Mr Matt Vanburans  and the People Collected toge  ther, and we had a meeting  and there was Conſiderable Nr 
number of People, and they  behaved well, Stayd at the  Same Houſe, — 

Wedneſday Octr 12:

I saw Tattle^ton^  and I went to my Daughters, &  we got there about 12: and I  reſted a little at my Daughters  and then we went to meeting  to Mr [gap: omitted] and the People  behaved well generally but  not So Solemn as at other P[illegible: [guess: s]]  after meeting, went back to  my Daughters, and reſted a  little, and in the evening, the  People Collected, at Mr Begle's  and we had a little meeting  after meeting went to my D's  again, and went to bed very  Soon 

Thirdsday Octr 13:

after Bre  left my folks and went on  to Mr Jonathan Thomſons,  got there before noon, and took  Dinner with them, — at 2  we went to, Mr Tomſons Son's 
a few Rods, and there we  had meeting, and there was  Conſiderable number of Peop^le^  and they attended well, — as Soon  as the meeting was done, they  deſired me to preach to them  again in the evening, and  I Complied, and I begun a  gain in about ha[illegible]lf an H  and there was greater at  tention Still, the People were  much affected, Lodged at Mr  Tomſon's, 

Fryday Octr 14:

Some Time  after Breakfaſt, Mr Tomſon  and I took our Horſes and we  went to Still waters, — got there  Some Time before meeting, a  bout 1 we went to meeting, and  there was a great number of  People, and they attended  with great affection, after  meeting went to mr Campell's  and, near Sun Sit we[illegible] went 
to Mr Bakers and had an  evening there, and there was  a great Number of People a  gain, and they attended with  all gravity, and after the  People were diſmiſt, a num  ber Stay'd, and I gave out  out my Cards to the People  and we had agreeable Exer  ciſe, and Some Time in the  evening the People diſperſt  and I went to bed Quietly  once more. Thanks be to god  The People in this Place are  exceeding Friendly and kind  to me, Mr Campel is as a  Father to me. 

Saturday Octr 15

Some Time  after Breakfaſt went on my  way; Stopt at Mr Campels  a few minutes, and then took  leave of them, and went on  my way towards Ball Town 
got to Capt Dunnings about  12: Dined with them, in the  evening we had a meeting  in Mr Gregorys Houſe, and  there was a goodly number  of People — and it was a So  lemn meeting — after meetg  went home with Capt Dunning  again. and Lodged there,  the Capt and his whole Family  are exceeding agreable  Folks — 

Sabbath Octr 16:

went to  meeting with the People and  it was as a bad way as ever  I was out in all my Travils  Mirey the bigeſt of the way  went we got to the Place the  People had got together a  great Number, — they have  a new meeting Ho^u^ſe very  large for a new Settlement  I preach to them from Danile   mene &c 
in the after noon from John  ye are my Friends &c —  Soon after meeting, went to the  old meeting Houſe weſt Side of  the Lake— and preatchd in  the evening, and there was  a Conſiderable number of  People, here I [illegible]Met my old  aquaintaince Mr Dake, I  lodgd at one Mr weeds, and  his Son in Law—Mr Cable  with his wife Deſird me to  Baptiſe their Chile, and ^when^  I had Examined them abou^t^  the Nature of Baptiſm —  and finding them well  ground in the goſpel Faith  I Baptiſed their Child, and  after I had performd my  ofice, one Mr Bright made  an objection, and we ta^l^ke  upon the matter a while,  and I Coud not be Convincd  that I was wrong, and we 
diſſiſted, and they went a  way, and I went to begd  quietly once more — 

Monday Octr 17:

after Break  faſt I went to 5000. Aires; before  I had got to the Place, I met Mr  Dake, and he went back, with  me, and I went with him to his  Houſe, about from the meeting  Houſe, and took Dinner with  him, and Soon after Dinner Mr  Dake and I went to meeting &  there was a Conſiderable number  of people their meeting Houſe  is made of Logs, and I preachd  to them from Matt [gap: omitted] thou Shalt  worſhip the Lord &c: and there  was an Awful Solemnity in the  Aſembly,— after meeting I went  home with one Mr Holms, and  I was very kindly entertain'd. The  old People apper'd very Religi  ous, Some Time in the evening  I had Some Exerciſe with the  Children of the Houſe. They were  all grown up but one, and they 
appear'd very Solemn in the  exerciſe, and then we prayd  together, and after that I went  to Bed Quietly once more — 

Tueſday Octr 18:

Soon after  Breakfaſt took good and Friend  ly leave of the Family, and I  went on to Galaway, and I miſ^t^  my way, loſt about 3 qrs of a  miles and it was very diſagre  able, to my mind, I was obligd  to go right back, and it put  me in mind of miſsing a way  to heaven it muſt be dreadful  beyound all Expreſsion to miſs  Heaven finaly at laſt: I got  to Galaway, before 12: and Calld  in at Good Mr Otis's one that  went from New London North [illegible][guess: P]  near by where I live, and he &  his wife receiv'd me with all kind  neſs, — about 2 o: c we went to  meeting a few Rods from Mr  Otiss Houſe — and there was a good 
Number of People, I preach'd  to them from the words— we will  go three Days Journey &c ^gen 8.27^, in the  evening I preachd again in  the Same Houſe and there was  a good number People of again  I Spoke from Ruth — what  is thy Petition &c — Sot Some  Time after meeting had Some  Converſation with Some Friends  and it was agreable, and then  went home with Mr Otis, and  I went to bed Peacabl[illegible]y once  more thanks be to Heaven — 

Wedneſday Octr 19:

after Breakft  about 9: I took Friendly leave  of Mr otis and his Family, and  one mr Dean went with me  6 or 7 miles, to direct me in  the way — got to Mohauk River  near 12: and So I went on  got to Caukunnawaka in the  evening and I put at one  Vuders a Dutch Tavern 

Thirdsday Oct.r 20,

Sot of very  early in the Morning, and  went over to Southſide of the River  a little above the Noſe and kep on  till I got to one Mr Mabee's and  I took Breakfaſt, and Soon after  Breakfaſt went on, and about  11 it began to Rain hard, and  I Stopt at one Esqr Henry Wa[illegible][guess: u]  rath, agreable gentleman; Stayd  here all Night, — 

Fryday Octr 21:

got up very  early even before break of  Day a great while, and the  Esqr got up too Soon after —  at broad Day light, I got up  on my Horſe and puſhd on  my way, reach'd at Widow  Tygers about 9: and took  breakfaſt there, and after  eating went on again, here  I heard Tour Anthony and Jame^s^  Waucus Slept, and one Mr Prince  with them, and I never over 
took them, till I got to the  turn of the New Road to our  Peoples Settlements, Juſt as I  was going to one of the Houſes  Antony Calld me, and I look  ed back and there was Antony  Smiling, and we went into Houſe  together, and Concluded to Stop  here,— and he Calld Mr Prince  and Jamy, and they Came  back,— and to one Mr Folts  and Lodged there, — 

Saturday octr 22,

we got up  quite Early and got ready  to go on our way, juſt as we  were going off, Elijah Wymp^i^  Came to our Lodgings, and he  told us David and Jacob Fowler  and moſt all our men were  in another Houſe juſt by, and  I sent James, and they Soon  Come to me, and it was a Joy  ful meeting,— and then I wen^t^  to where the reſt of them were 
and they all rejoice to See me  and was with them a little while  and then went back to Mr Folts  and Concluded not to go thro the  woods this Day, becauſe it was  a miſty kind of weather,— Some  went thro, but I Stayd and Some  others, I taried at Mr Fols,— 

Sabbath Octr 23:

This morning was  a Snowy Morning, and it Raind all  laſt Night,— and I taried at Mr  Conora[illegible]d Fols, all Day, they were  quite agreable Family, Stayd  here again this Night — 

Monday Octr 24:

Some Time after  Breakfaſt Brother David Fowler  and I Sot of to go thro' the Woods to  our Indians new Settlements, and  preſently after we Sot out it began  to Rain and it Rain'd all the way  not very hard, — and it was extream  ly bad muddy riding, and the  Creeks were very high, and Some  Places very Mirely, and we were  over taken with Night before we  got in, and Some places were very  Dark where Hamlock Trees were  our Eyes did us [illegible]but ^little^ good, we travild 
about a mile in the Dark, and  then we arrivd at Davids Houſe  as we approach'd the Houſe I hear^d^  a Melodious Sining, a number were  together Sining Pſalms hymns and  Spiritual Songs, we went in amon^gts^  them, and they all took hold of my  Hand ^one by one^ with Joy and Gladneſs from  the Greateſt to the leaſt, and we  Sot down a while, and then they  began to Sing again, and Some  Time after, I gave them a few words  of [illegible]Exhortation, and then Conclude^d^  with Prayer,— and then went to  Sleep Quietly, the [illegible]Lord be praiſed  for his great goodneſs to us — 

Tueſday Octr 25

Was a Snowy Day  was very uncomfortable weather I  kep still all Day at Davids Houſe  and it was Crouded all Day. Some of  onoydas Came in — In the evening  Singers Came in again, and they  Sang till near ten o: c: and then  I gave them a word of Exhortation  and Conclude with prayer, So we  ended another Day — 

Wedneſday Octr 26:

Snow is about 
is about ancle Deed this Morng  and all Poſh under the Snow and  the Land is foul of water every  where, and the Brooks are very  high— it is not Clear wheather  yet — in the evening we had a litte  Singing again — This morning  I rench'd my Back, only puting  on my Stockings, and ^was^ put ^to^ Some  difficulty to go out all Day — 

Thirdsday Octor 27:

Cloudy but  moderate, my back Continues as  it was yeſterday,— 

Fryday Octor 28:

it was warm  and pleaſent Day but Coloudy  the begeſt part of the Day — in  the evening they Sung in Abra^m^  Simons Houſe, a mile from David  Fowler's

Fryday Octr 29

  David intended to gather his Corn  but it lookd very much like for  Rain, and So difer it to anſother  Day, — the Young Folks went  in the evening to Abraham:  Simons a mile of from David  Fowlers to Sing, but I did not 
go my back Continued out of  order, — 

Saturday Octr [illegible]29:

David gather^d^  his Corn he had a number of  Hands tho' it was Cloudy in the  morning, and little Rain, and  in the after noon he huſked his  Corn, and the Huſkers Sung Hym^ns^  Psalms and Spiritual Songs the  bigeſt part of the Time, finiſhd  in the evening,— and after Supper  the Singers Sung a while, and  then diſpa^r^ſed — 

Sabbath Octr 30:

Had a meeting  in Davids Houſe, and a Number  of Stockbridgers Came to meeting  to the diſtance of Six miles, they  had eleven Horſes and there  was a number of foot People, and  there was a Solemn Aſembly, the  People attended the word with  affection many of them— I Spoke  from Mathew IV. 10: in the after  Noon from XXXII: 1: in the even  ing we had Singing a long 
while and then gave them a  word of Exhortation and Conclu  ded with Prayer —  Monday Tueſday and wedneſday  nothing hadpen'd remarkable  only Rainy and Snowy weather  and I was mu^c^h Confind with my  wren^t^ch Back — 

Thirdsday Novr 3: 1785

Towards  Night we attended upon the  antient ordernace of marrage  the firſt that ever was Selebra  ted by our People in their New  Settlement in that wildirneſs,  The Cupple to be married and  the Young People, formed in a  Neighbouring ^Houſe^ and Came to  the Houſe of Weding in a Regu  lar Proceſsion according to their  age and were Seated according  ly — and the old People alſo Seat  ed themſelves Regularly, and  A great Number of Stocbrid  gers Came from their Town  to attend the Weding, but many  of them were too late — 
When I got up, I Spoke to  them Some Time upon the  nature of Marrage, the Ho nourableneſ and Lawfulneſs  of it whereby we are diſtin guyſhd from the Brutal Crea  tion: Said Some of the firſt  marrage in Eden ^&^ of the  Marrage where Chriſt [illegible]and  his Diſciples were invited  and the Honour he did to it  by working ^the^ firſt mericle.  he wroght in the World in  turning water into Wine  and then we prayed, after Prayer  I orderd them to take each other  by the Right Hand alternately  and then I declared them in the  Face of the Aſembly to be a Law  ful Huſband and wife, according  to the Law of god — and then pray^d^  again, ^& prayer being ended Mariage Salutations^ ^[below]went round Regularly —^ and Concluded with by  Singing a Marriage Hymn, —  and then the People Sat down,—  and Jacob Fowler who was ap  pointed Maſter of the Sereimonies  at this Marriage, gave out Some 
Drink a Round; the Company  and then Supper was brought  Sot in order on a long Board,  and we Sot down to eat, and  had Totty well Sweeten'd with  wild Sugar made of Sugar Trees  in the Wilderneſs; and after Sup  per, we Spent the Evening in  Singing Psalms Hymns and  Spiritual Songs, — and after that  every went home Peaceably  with andy Carouſing or Frollicin^g^ 

Fryday Novr 4.

The young Peopl  put on their beſt Cloaths and  went to a Neighbours Houſe, all  on Horſe back, and they appear^d^  agreeable and Decent, and they  had no Carouſing, they had Some  Pleaſent Chat and agreable Con  duct, Some Singing ^of^ Psalms Hymn^s^  and Spiritual Songs, Some Time  in the after Noon they dined toge  ther, and after Dinner every one  went Home Quietly,— So the wed  ing ended, and it was Conduct  ed, Caried on, and finiſh'd with  Honour and great Decency — 
and the Lord help this People  to go on Regularly in all their  Concerns — 

Sab: Novr[illegible]6:

Brother Jacob Fowler  and I went of early in the Morg  for Stockbridge Indians that  lately Settled at old onoyda, got  there Some Time before meeting  went to Sir Peter Pauquunnup^peets^  Houſe, he is a Collegian brought  up and Educated at Dartmuth  DCollege, and he receivd with all  kindneſs Friendſhip,— about 11  went to meeting, and many of  our People from our new Settle  ments Came to meeting, to the diſ  tance of Six miles, — I Spoke to  them from Joſhua 24: 22: and  Esther 7: 2: in the Evening we  had another meeting, and we  had Solemn Day and evening  the People attended with great  attention and Solemnity, after  I had done Speaking; we Sot dow^n^  and the Singer roſe up and they  Sung Some Time, and then diſ perſed, every one to his quarter, 
and Siſter Hannah and Siſter  Esther and I Lodgd at Widow  Quinny's where the meeting  was — 

Monday Novr 67:

Some Time  after Breakfaſt ^Sun Riſe —^ I Sot of with  Brother Roger and his wife  to our Place; and Sotpt at  Roger's and I took Breakfaſt  with them, they live [illegible][illegible][guess: near] twothre^e^  miles from the reſt of the People  and after eating I went on to  the Town, got there about 12  and found them all well,—  in the Evening we met on  our Temporal and Religious  Concerns, — we met once before  but we did not Come to proceed  any Buſineſs — But ^now^ we pro  ceeded to form in ^to^ a Body Poli  tick,— We Named our Town by  the Name of Brotherton, in  Indian Eeyawquittoowaucon  nuck^J: Fowler was choſen Clarke for this^ ^[below]Town^ Roger waupieh, David  Fowler, Elijah Wympy, John  Tuhy, and Abraham Simon 
were Choſen a Committee or  Truſtees for the Town, for a Year  and for the future, the Committee  is to be Choſen Annually, — and  Andrew Acorrocomb, and Thoma^s^  Putchauker were Choſen to be  Fence Vewers to Continue a Year.  Concluded to have a Centre near  David Fowlers Houſe. the main  Street is to run North and South ^& No[illegible][guess: th]&^   Eaſt and weſt, to Croſs at the Centre  Concluded to live in Peace, and  in Friendſhip and to go on in  all their ^Public^ Concerns in Harmony  both in their Religious and Tem  poral Concerns, and every one  to bear his Public part of Pub  lic Charges in the Town, —  They deſird me to be a Teacher  amongſt them, I Conſented to  Spend Some of my remaining  with them, and make this Town  my Home and Center — 

Tueſday — Novr 8:

got up early  and Sot of for Stockbridge Indians  got there Some Time before meet  ing, this is a Day of faſting and  Prayer, with the People here 
and they deſired me to aſsiſt them  the Deſign of this faſt is to Confeſs  their Sins before god, and to repent  and beg the Pardon of all their Sins  and deſire the Bleſsing of god up  on them, and to Proſper them in  their New Settlemet, and alſo bleſs  them in their Religious Life —  and I preach to them, in the fore  Noon from Jonah 3: 8: in the  after noon from Prover 23: 26  and it was a Solemn Faſt Day  many were deeply afected, all  attended like Criminals before  the Barr; in the Evening they  met again, and they adviſd  and gave Councel to one another  to Conduct well and be Careful  in all their Conduct the enſusing  winter as they were about to  diſperſe, for the winter, that  they may get together in the  Spring in Love and Peace, —  and after advice, they Spent  Some Time in Singing of  Spiritual Songs, and when 
they had done, I gave them a  word of Exhortation, ad^v^iſing  them to uſe their Natural Powers  and Conduct as becomes Rational  Creatures, and break off from  all out breakings of Sin, and  Especially to break off from that  abominable Sin of Drunkeneſs  and give themſelves to watching  and Prayer, and So Conclude  with Prayer, — and the People  diſperſd in Peace — I Lodged  at Sir Peter Pauqunnuppeets 

Wedneſday Novr 9:

[illegible]Break‐  faſted with Capt Hindreck &  Soon after Eating, I Sot off for  Home, got to our Place about  12 and found our Folks well—  Thirdsday Fryday and Saturd  lookd a bout a little to See the  land and it is the beſt land I ever  did See in all my Travils. John  Tuhy Planted Juſt about one  acre of ground, which he  Cleared laſt may, and this 
Fall he took of 20 Buſhels of  good Corn 56 Buſhels of Potatoe^s^  about 200 Heads of Cabage, and  about 3 Buſhels of Beans, and  about 2 Buſhels of Paſnips &  Beats together. beſides Cu  cumbers and Watermelons; of  the Same ground, and it was ^not^  Plowd nor dug up with a  Hoe, only leaves and Small  Buſhels were burnt on it  and great many Lodgs ly on it  now — and I was told laſt  week among the Stockbridge  Indians, that in their Clearing  Some Spots of land, where it has  been improved, in Years paſt, they  Plowd up, and dug up good many  Potatoes; where they had been Plan  ted pa^r^haps 10 or 12 Years ago.  one man got 3 Skipples, and  he p[illegible]lanted them, and he has  raiſed a fine paſsel of them.  and Brother David Fowler told  me and his wife and others Con  firmed it that he ^had^ one Cabage  Stomp Stood three Summers and 
it headed every Year, the laſt  it Stood, it three Heads — 

Sab, Nov.r 13:

Preachd at David  Fowlers and many of the Stock  bridgers Came to meeting, and  there was good attention, and  [illegible]I believe Some felt the Power  of the word, in the Evening  we had Some Singing, — 

Monday Novr 14

was geting  ready to return homward, — 

Tueſday Novr 15:

got up very  early in the morning, and we  were fitting to go off, and little  after Sun riſe we Sat off, DBrother  David and his wife Daughter  and James Waucus went together  Elijah Wym[illegible]py, two Daughters  and others Some Stockbridgers  there were Eight Horſes of [illegible]a  mongſt us, and many foot men  and we got thro the woods Juſt  as the Sun was going down  I put up at Mr Fols's — 

Wedneſday Novr 16:

we Sot  of very early in the morning 
and I got to Esqur Wa[illegible]rets  in the Evening, and Lodged  there, and [illegible]three Stockbridgers  were there alſo — 

Thirdsday 17:

I Sot off very  early and about 11: I got  to Capt Roof's and there I  Stopet, and finiſh'd writings  for our Folks, Juſt Night  David Came in — and here  we Lodged — 

Fryday Novr 18:

I went  to Bomens Creek, and Got  there about 1: put up at  Esqr CKimbets and they  were very Glad to See me  and I was as glad, and Lodge^d^  there, had a meeting here  this Evening, and there was  a Conſiderable of People, and  they attended well, — 

Saturday Novr 19:

I left  the Family, Docr White went 
with me about four miles  and So we parted, and I  to Esqr Manbee's about 3  o: c: and here I put up, &  was received with kindneſs —  here I overtook my Son Anto  ny Paul,— 

Sabb. Nov r 2:

Preachd here  to Conſiderable Number Peo  ple, and they attended with  with all Seriousneſs they  were moſt all Dutch; Spoke  in morning From Acts 9  Lord What Wilt thou — in  the after noon from Luke  So is he that Sayeth &c  Elijah Wympeh and his  Son, and 3 Stockbridge  girls were here alſo —  I Lodged here again, 

Monday Novr 21:

Some  in the morning it was 
about 8: I Sot off, and got  So far to Mr P[illegible]eter Van  Wormer, about a mile  from Mohauk ^River^ in the the  Woods North Side —  This Day I Saw the Revd  Mr Romine a Dutch Miniſter  in Cacanawaka by Mohauk  River, I met with him at a  public Houſe, and he apear'd  quite Friendly at once, he  deſired me ^me^, that if I Shoud  Come along this way again  at any Time, to Call upon  him, and have a Diſcourſe  with his People, and I told I  wou'd — 

 Tueſday Novr 22: got up

  very early, and it was  very Cold morning, and did 
not Sit out So early as I intend  ed, took Breakfast before  I Sot out, about 8: I went on  my way, thro the Woods and it  was very Riding it was not froſe  had enough to bear a Horſe  in Muddy holes; I got to Mr Otis's  in Gallaway a little after 12  and found them all well, and  put up here, and took Dinner  with them, Concluded to have a  meeting this Evening. about  Daylight in I went Mr Dean's  to meeting and there was a Con  ſiderabl of People, and I Spoke  from Joſhua, 24: 19: and the  People attended with Serious  neſs,— after meeting went back  to Mr Otis's and Lodged there — 

Wedneſday Novr 23:

Some after  Breakfast Sot of to go to a Place  Called Smith Field about 6 miles  of, Mr Meſsenger went with me  and it was thro a Deſert other  way,— got there Juſt before 12 
went into M.r Smith's Houſe,  where the meeting is to be, a  bout 2: we began the meeting  and there was Conſiderable  Number of People Collected toge ther, [illegible] for they had but Shrot Notice  and it is a New Settlement,  and the People attended with all  gravity and Solemnity, I believe  Some felt the Power of the word,  Soon after Meeting, one Mr  Coffin, a Univerſaliſt Preacher  deſired to have Some Co[illegible]nverſation  with me, and we had Conver  ſateon a little while together  without much Debate, for we  diſagreed altogether,— and the  People diſperſt and I Stayd at  the Houſe all Night, and Mr  Meſanger went home; and Mr  S^m^ith and his wife and I had  very agreeable Converſation  and their Son in Law his Nam^e^  was Alexander, Scotchman by  Nation, was very much 
biggoted to their Verſton of  Psalms we had Some debate a  bout them, and upon Some o  th[illegible]er Points — Sot up late, and  was Extreamly well Treated  by the Heads of the Family and  all the Young People; Slept  very Comfortably,—

^Thids Novr 24^

got up  quite early, Stay'd till after  Breakfaſt, and then Sot of  Mr Hughwee Alexander went  with me, and we to Gallaway  about 10, Call'd at Mr Meſenger^s^  and Dined with them, and had  agreable Converſation — Soon  after Dinner went to Mr Otiss &  from there to meeting about  a mile, where was a Sick  woman, we Soon got there  Mr Otis went with me and  another man, had Some Con  verſation with the Sick woman  and found her reſignd to the  will of god, & was Comfortable 
in her mind; and then we  began the Worſhip of god, there  was but few People and they  attended with great Seriousneſs  and Some affection — I Spoke  from Matt 6: 10: after meeting  Mr Cullock invited me to go  home with him to Stay all Nigh^t^  and was Treated very kindly &  Tenderly, — 

Fryday Novr 25:

got up early  and Stayd till after Breakfaſt  and then went back, Calld  at Mr Meſengers and Dinner  with him, and afterwards  went to Mr Otiss,— and in  the evening went to meeting  again in Mr Deans Houſe  and there was Conſiderable  Number of People and there  was great Solemnity among  the People, I Spoke from  James [illegible][guess: 4]: 17: after meeting  went back to Mr Otis's 
and Lodged there, had  a number Friends to viſet  me this Evening, Some Scotch  People and we had quite  agreable interview — 

Saturday Novr 26

did not prea^ch^  his Day, juſt at Night went to  Warran's a little diſtance and  was wellcomd, and treated very  kindly, he is a Baptiſt man by  Denomination, Sot up Some Time  for had Some Company, Mr Mc  Larran a Scotchman was with  us and very agreable Converſa  tion, and good be[illegible]d Time I went  to [illegible]Red queetly once more — 

Sab. Novr 27:

about half after  ten we went to meeting, a few  Rods in a Barn, and there was  a great Number of People, for  a new Settlement, and I Spoke  from I. Samuel. 15: 14 in the after  noon from Joh 11: 28: and there  was great and Sober attention 
through the Aſembly, and I belie^ve^  Some felt the preſence of god —  after meeting went home with  mr Warran and took Dinner  with them, — and in the even–g  went to Mr William Kalley  a Scotchman, and had a meet  ing there and there was a goo^d^  number of People, and I preac^hd^  to them from Joh. 11: 26: and  I believe we had Some aſseſtan^[illegible][guess: c]^  both in Preaching and in  hearing — Lodgd at the Same  Houſe — and was kindly en‐  tertaind, — 

Monday Novr 28

was at  Mr Kalleys till after Break  faſt, then went to Mr Otiss and  was there till about 2 in the  after, and then Mr Otis his &  Mr Meſsenger and his and wen^t^  to a weding, and there was  a number of People, but grea^t^ 
many, and I married the Cup  ple, thereir Names were Mr  Jonathan Bunyan Cotes and  Polley Doulin,— and the People  behaved exceeding well, — Juſtwe  good Cake and Cheeſe to eat &  Totty to Drink,— juſt before  Sun Sit we that Came together  went back again, I Calld in  at Mr Meſsengers, and was there  till the Young Wedendners Came  home, and then[illegible] I went to mr Otiss  and Lodged, once more, and his  Brother Lodged there alſo, — 

Tueſday Novr 29:

Took my  leave of mr Otis and his Family  about 9: O'C: and I directed my  Courſe towards Scenactady, Mr  Meſsenger went with me, and  we parted before we got to the  Place, and I went on to the  Town, got there Some Time  before Night; Calld at mr  Shooter's, and Sat a while and 
then went to See Mr Poſt my old  Friend, and found them all well  and was there a while, and his  Son Came in, and he invited ^ to  go home with him, and there I  Lodged, and kindly Treated, &  [illegible]Slept very Comfortable,— 

Wedneſday Novr 30:

got up early  took Breakfaſt with Mrs Poſt, Mr  Poſt was gone out,— after eating  I went to See Several Friends  payd my viſited the Revd Mr  Romine, the Dutch Miniſter of  the Place, and he appeard very  Friendly, but I Stayd not Long  about 10 O: C: I went over the  Ferry again to go to the 5000  Acres; Mr Meſsenger went with  me again, we travild together  about 7. miles, and there we  parted in Friendſhip — I went  on, Calld at one Mr Sharewoods  to warm my feet, and I had Sot  but few minutes, before the wo‐  man, aſked me whether I wou^d^ 
Stay till She Can [illegible]make Some Tea  [illegible]I told her I woud, and She C got  it ready Quick, and I eat very  Hearty, and juſt as I had done  the man of the Houſe Came in  and appeard very agreeable  and as I was going away, he  deſired me to Come See him a  gain before I left the Place, &  I told him I woud, then went  on to Mr Holmss Soon got there  and found them all well, and was  kindly receivd by the Family, and  I put up there,— 

Thirdsday Decemr 1: 1785:

Was at  Mr Holms's till near Noon, and I  went to Mr Woods a little diſtance  and Dined there, and [illegible]juſt  before Sun Sit, I went to one Mr  Rogers, and Lodged there, I found ^him^  and his wife very underſtanding  in the Scriptures and I believe  they were Experiencd Chriſtians  they are Ireiſh Folks, we had 
very agreable Converſation &  Sot up Some what late, I Saw  the man was not well pleaſd  with Docr Wattss P[illegible]salms and  we had a long talk upon them, we  did not agree about them, but  we did ^not^ Contend about them, after  Converſation, we Sung a Psalm  and Read a C^h^apter, and Prayd  together and then went to^ Peaceable  and I had a Comfortable Sleep — 

 Fryday Decer 2:

Got ^ early and   took Breakfaſt with them after  eating we Sung and Read, and  then I had Some Exerciſe in the  Family with my Christian Cards  and it was very Solemn and  agreable; — about 10 I took  my good leave of the Family, and  returnd to Mr Holmss, — and in  the after noon about 1: OC: I wen^t^  to Mr Clarkes and there was a goodly  number of People and I preac^hd^  to them from, Acts 2: 37: and 
there was great Solemnity and  Some affection I believe they felt  Some thing of the Power of the word  after meeting a Number of the  People Stayd, and in the Evening  I had Exerciſe a long while with  Family, with my Chriſtian Cards  and it was very agreable  and Some Time in the Evening  we went to Bed quietly, — 

Saturday Decr 3:

about 10 went  to Mr Holmss and Sot a while and  I went to Mr Sharewoods a bout  half mile of, and him wvery  kind to me, and Converſable &  he is ^an^ underſtand Man took  Dinner with him, and was there  till Tea was got, and took with  them, and Juſt night returnd to  Mr Holmss again, and Lodged  there, — 

Sabb: Decr 4:

Mr Holms wen^t^  to meeting with an ox Slead, and  his whole Family went and 
I went with them, the meeting  was again in Mr Clarks H[gap: worn_edge]  and there was a Vaſt Number  of People tho' it was Stormy  Day, I Spoke from Isaah 5: 3  and was uncommon attention  and Flow of Tears, from old and  Young, and I am perſwaded the  Power of the was felt by many  Souls, I preachd only once —  after meeting, I took Dinner  with Mr Cleark, and after eat  ing we Sot and Some Religious  Converſation — about Sun Sit  we went to good old Mr Nothrops  and the we had a ^Comfortable^ meeting, and  it was very Comfortable meet  ing, and was great many Peo  I Spoke from Matt 5: 13. Mr  Nothrop gave me the Text  and after the meeting was over  a Number Stayd, and we had  agreable Religious Converſation  I Loddgd at the Same Houſe 
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