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List of books taken by David Fowler into Mohawk Country, 1768

ms-number: 768900.2

abstract: A list of religious and instructional texts brought by David Fowler on his mission.

handwriting: Informal handwriting is occasionally difficult to decipher. It is uncertain whose hand it is.

paper: Small single sheet is in good condition, with light creasing, staining and wear.

ink: Black-brown.

noteworthy: An editor, likely 19th-century, has added the note “Book Fowler” to one verso. This note has not been included in the transcription.


Books that David Fowler
Carried into the Mohawk Count.y
from the Libery to deſtribute among
the Boys that are keeping School there,
& for himſelf—
20 New Spelling Book, Auther —
Gileles [illegible: [guess: K]]er —
10 Smaller Intitleed the Britiſh Inſtrucr
2 first Set ſmall Cataciſms. by John Watts
2 Second Set — [illegible][guess: I].[illegible] — by John Watts
1 Book, [illegible][guess: I]. Divine Breathing. by
John Beart. A.
1 Book Cong of twenty five Diſcourſes
ſutable to the Lords Supper —
by John Owen
1 School Maſters Aſsiſtant —
Non-contemporary, not transcribed.
Mohawk Country

Mohawk Country refers to the territory occupied and controlled by the Mohawk Tribe. This territory extends to the north near Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River, and to the south along the Mohawk River in New York state. The Mohawks were members of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy and were known as the “Keepers of the Eastern Door,” charged with protecting the Haudenosaunee Confederacy from threats to the east. After contact with the Europeans in the 17th century, Jesuit missionaries came to the territory and recruited Mohawks to go north into Canada to practice Catholicism, and in the 18th century, Wheelock’s missionaries travelled to Mohawk Country to recruit students and carry out missionary work. The Mohawks allied with the British during the American Revolution, and at the end of the war many fled to Canada, while others went to the Bay of Quinte, which became known as Tyendinaga.

Fowler, David

David Fowler was Jacob Fowler's older brother, Samson Occom's brother-in-law, and an important leader of the Brothertown Tribe. He came to Moor's in 1759, at age 24, and studied there until 1765. While at school, he accompanied Occom on a mission to the Six Nations in 1761. He was licensed as a school master in the 1765 mass graduation, and immediately went to the Six Nations to keep school, first at Oneida and then at Kanawalohale. Fowler saw himself as very close to Wheelock, but their relationship fragmented over the course of Fowler's mission, primarily because Wheelock wrote back to Kirkland, with whom Fowler clashed, but not to Fowler, and because Wheelock refused to reimburse Fowler for some expenses on his mission (767667.4 provides the details most clearly). Fowler went on to teach school at Montauk, and played a major role in negotiations with the Oneidas for the lands that became Brothertown. He was among the first wave of immigrants to that town, and held several important posts there until his death in 1807.

Watts, John
Beart, John
Owen, John
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