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Sermon, 2 Corinthians 5:17, 1766 July 13

ms-number: 766413

abstract: Occom's sermon on the text "Therefore if any man be in Christ he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things become new".

handwriting: Handwriting is small, but clear and legible.

paper: Very small sheets folded and sewn together into a booklet are in good condition, with minimal staining and wear.

ink: Brown ink varies in intensity over the course of the manuscript.

noteworthy: At the top of one recto, an editor, likely 19th-century, has added the note " '766 Ser. at Mr. Olding's." This note has not been transcribed. The top of the last page is uncut, and so there are no images for five verso and six recto. On six verso, there is a recipe, likely for an herbal remedy, in Occom's hand.

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

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2 Corinth 5:17

Therefore if any man be in
XJ he is a new Creature: &c
Regeneration is a doctrine
much Diſpiſd by many, but
it is a Doctrine of the Bible, and
therefore it is a Supſtantial
Doctrine, it is a Spiritual
Doctrine, and it is not to be
underſtood but by Spiritual
underſtanding — I believ'd it is gene­
rally own'd by thoſe, who belive [illegible]

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the Bible to be the word of god.
that we muſt be godd Some how
before we are fit to go to Heaven,
and this is good Reaſoning, for if
we believe Heaven to be a good Place
we muſt be good, if it be a Holy
place, we muſt be Holy, if it
be a pure Place, we muſt be
pure, if it be Spiritual, we
muſt Spiritual, or elſe we can't
Enjoy Heaven, Yea if god be
Holy, we muſt be holy in order
to ſerve him here and in the world
to Come, or in other words, to En­
joy him in this world and in
the World to Come —
we are ready to Conclude, that

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a poor Begger, in his filthy,
Ragged Garments, is not fit
to go into the Kings Palace
and to Serve him there, and
we Shou'd not like a Swine, in his
filth to Dwell in our Houſes;
so an unholy Man is no more
fit to [illegible] Enter into Heaven, the
Habitation of God, —
And therefore we muſt be holy,
and god has found out a way
for us to become holy,. and
it is by being in Chriſt —
Now if any man be in Chriſt
he is a New Creature, old
othings are paſsed a way,

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and behold all things are
become new — —
In further Speaking upon
theſe words I Shall Endeavour
to Show by the Help of God —
1. What it is to be in Chriſt —
2. Such are new Creatures
3. to Such all old thing are
done away and all thing
are become a new —
1. Then what it is to be in
Chriſt — to be in X is to be
united to him by a living

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  Faith, in other words,
to believe and receive JX
as he is offer'd in the Goſpel
to be the only Sutable Savi­
our, to rely upon him
for what he has done
to be in XJ, is to have the
Image of JX reinſtampt in
us and to have his Spirit
in us, Yea to be in Chirſt
is to have Chriſt Dwelling
in us, and we in him —
2. They yt are in Chriſt
Jeſus are new Creatures

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  they are Created a new
in Chriſt Jeſus, they dont
donly have Names but
have new Diſpoſiſtions—

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2 ou ſ Conſerve of Roſes
1 ou of Lu [illegible] [illegible]ret[illegible] Balſ [illegible] [guess: am]
1/1 an ou of Sp[illegible]r[illegible] [guess: ma]
all pounded in a M[illegible] [guess: ar]
take a piece as big as
a Nut Meg every mg
and Ni[gap: faded] [guess: ght] faſting

The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, London is located in the southeastern region of England along the Thames River. The outpost that would become London originated as a military storage post for the Romans when they invaded Britain in the year 43. It soon developed as a trading center and financial hub for Roman Britain. During a revolt against the Romans in 61, London was burned to the ground; the rebuilt town appeared in Tacitus’s Annals as Londinium. With the decline of the Roman Empire in the 4th century, Londinium became a Saxon trading town. Following the Norman Conquest, London retained its central political and commercial importance. In the 14th century, under Edward II, Westminster became an administrative center and London became the capital of England. In the early 18th century, London was an important hub for evangelical Christianity and home to many influential people, like the charismatic Anglican minister, George Whitefield, who were sympathetic to Wheelock’s missionary endeavors. Occom arrived in London in February 1766 on his fundraising tour for Wheelock’s school and preached his first sermon at Whitefield’s Tabernacle. London would be Occom’s home base for the next two years, as he and Whitaker travelled throughout England and Scotland. Occom made many friends in London who would continue to support him after his break with Wheelock and the School. By the late 18th century, London had replaced Amsterdam as the center of world commerce, a role it would maintain until 1914.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
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