Samson Occom, sermon, Ephesians 5:20

ms-number003221

abstractA sermon on Ephesians 5:20 — "Giving thanks always for all things unto God" — about how, where, and when to give thanks to God.

handwritingHandwriting is clear and legible. There are some crossed l's, uncrossed t's and dotted e's that have been corrected by the transcriber.

paperSmall sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good-to-fair condtion, with light-to-moderate staining and wear that results in some loss of text.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity throughout.

noteworthyThe sermon is undated. It mentions 2 Corinthians 9.6.7, Isaiah 1.2, Psalms 116.12, and Genesis 32.

Ephe V. 20 
Giving thanks always for all  things unto God,   Perhaps there is no Duty  incumbent upon Intellagent Crea‐  tures, more frequently Calld for, in  the Providence of God, than this  Duty of giving thanks to god,  there is nothing So Reaſonable and  Becoming in Dependant &^Creat^ as this giv‐  ing of thanks, to their great Preſer  ver,— Yea all the Creation, even  the Inanimate Creation Seems to  manifeſt this Duty, to the great  Creator —   We may at once Perceive  Something very great and weighty  in theſe few Words, if we doe but  liſten and attend to them, and  Shou'd find work enough all ˄ day  and a Glorious work too
In the firſt Place, upon Reflecti[gap: tear][guess: on]  we find the work it Self or the Duty
Giving thanks, Se[illegible]conly, upon  inquiry to whom we are to give  thanks, we may find object,  unto GOD; Thirdly we find,  the Time when, this Duty, of  giving Thanks is to be Done it is  Always Fourthly we find the  Matter, or for what we are to  give Thanks; for all Things
Theſe four Particulars I  Shall endeavor to repreſent  in the following Diſcourſe
1.
Firſt then, I will endea‐ vour Repreſent to you the Duty  it Self, to Give Thanks,  This, I Conclude is well under‐ ſtood by all, that are grown  to Years of underſtanding,  It is to have a grateful Since  and Right apprehention of  the Benefits Conferred upon us  and an Acknowledgment of ^&^  Confeſſion of our Oblications  to our Benefactors with glad 
 
gladneſs of Heart, attended  with Humility, and a Careful  and Right uſe of the Benefits  we Receive, even agreable to  the Mind and Pleaſures four  of Benefactors for which they  beſtow^d^ their Bound upon us  The work Anong Men, the  work of the giver is one, and  the work of the Receiver is a  nother,˄ we are dependent Crea  tures upon one to another, the  greateſt of men Can't ^well^ live with‐  out the vulgar Sort, and we,  as Sotiable and Fellow Creatures,  give and receive Benefets one  from another, The giver has  [illegible: [guess: one]] Precept from God the great  Benefactor, as we find the Duty  in 2 to the Corin 9.6.7 and many  other Places in the Word of god —  and the Receiver has another  Command or Precept from God th[gap: tear][guess: e]  Great Benefactor, their wor[gap: tear][guess: k]  is to Receive Right, and to be [gap: tear] 
 
be truely Thankful, in the firſt  Place to God the only giver of  all good things, and next to god  we are to be thankful to the  Inſtruments by whom we have we  Received Benefits, — let the Second  givers or Inſtrumental Benefactors  give as they Pleaſe whether out  a right vew or not, that is none  of the Receivers Buſineſs, they  ought to See to it, to do the work  that is Lay'd upon them, by their  Benefactors, to be Truely Sincere‐ ly and Hearltyly thankful, both  to god and to his People by wi  whom they have received bene‐  factions — But man is Such a  Creature, many of them when  they Receive a Kindneſs from  their ^fellow^ Men, they are Ready to que‐  ry and wou'd know whether the  giver, gave freely and Cheerfully  or Grudgingly and of Neceſſity,  and if they Suſpect the Sincerity  [gap: tear][guess: of] the Doner, they are Ready 
 
to diſpiſe the Benefits and the  Benefactor, and are ^Ready^ to fling the  gifts back in the Face of the  giver with ^a^ Surly Countenance —  this Plainly Argues the Horrid  and Helliſh Ingratidtue, in the  unworthy Wrectch, Such cannot  be thankful to god, for they don't  Conſider that all theſe good things  are from god, for it is he that  opens the Hands, if not the Hearts  of his People, to give to the Nee‐  dy, and therefor Thanks and Praiſe  is his Due Chiefly; and But if  the Receiver Cant be thankful  to their fellow Creatures that have  Shown kindneſs to them; how Can  they be Truely thankful to god —  Isa[illegible: [guess: i]]. 1.2
But thoſe that are  truly Thankful are melted  Down with the Benefets they have  Receiv'd, it excites [illegible]true humi‐  liation and Self Loathing in them  As we find holy Pratrearch Jaco[gap: tear][guess: b]  Confeſſing his unworthineſs of the  Leaſt of gods Mercies Gene.32 [gap: tear] 
 
again an ungrateful wretch. Sets  Price upon the Benefits he rece.^s^  , or has a Scale as it were, So he  wou'd Put the Donations in the one  and Propotionable thanks in the other  or rather his Blank Indgratitude —  the ungrateful Pharaſee thought  he did enough in Religion ˄ —
But the Grateful Man Sets no  Price upon the Benefits he recei^es^  nor limits to his thankfulneſs, he  thinks he Can never be thankful  enough for Favours received —  Thus we find the ^truely^ thankful King of  Israel, the Psalmeſt, Psal 116. 12  what Shall ^I^ render unto the Ld for all  his Benefits towards me? it Seems  by theſe words, that the holy Psalst  found himself unable ^to^ make Suta‐  ble Returns to God for all the Kind‐  [illegible]neſs he had receivd from god  from him, and it was his Dili‐  gent Search or Study to find a way  to manifeſt his gratitude by unto  god, as his holy thanksgiving Psa^s^  abundantly Show, — if we oſerv^e^  David in his great work of giving  Thanks, According to his Psalms 
 
we may Eaſily ^find^ his experimental  Notice and his wiſe Conſideration  of the Benefits of god towards him  and this begets a grateful Sence  of the Favours of god, and that  breaks forth into Publick Praiſes  and thanksgiving — Yea upon find  ing himſelf unable to give Sufi  cient thanks to god for all his  goodneſs, he Calls all Creatures  both in Heaven and Earth to Join  with him in his gr^e^at work of  giving thanks and Praiſe unto  God; and indeed it Reaſonable and  Right that Dependent Creatures  Shou'd be truely thankful to their  up holder and only Benefactor,—
This Seems to be inate in the very  Dumb Beaſts of the Feald, they  Manifeſt a kind of Gratitude to  their Benefactors or Maſters, by  a Certain Noiſe, or the Motion  of their Bodies,— the Fowls of  the A[illegible]ir Mount up to wards hea‐  ven and Sing forth their Artleſs [gap: tear]  to God, — Toads and Frogs, and  all the venomous Kind, have their  way of giving thanks to their Mas[gap: tear][guess: ters]
 
yea the very Inſects of the Earth  Seing their various Notes of Praiſe  to god, if all theſe Creatures give  thanks and Praiſe to god, how  ought Man ^who is Endow'd^ to give ^ for whoſe sake^ thanks and  Praiſe to the God of heaven, it  is Mans Beauty and Glory as well  as Duty, to give thanks and Praiſe  to Heaven, and it is his happineſs  So to do —
2.
Secondly let us tConſider  the object, or to Whom we are  or ought to give thanks, it is  unto God, the Great Creator of  Heaven and Earth, and the upholder  and Governor of the Same, and the only  Benefactor, unto him we are to give  thanks,
Even   To him we are to give thanks  that Curiouſly and Wonderfully  Fraim'd our Bodies out of the Duſt  of the Earth —
To him, that Breathed into  our Bodies the Breath of Life, yt  Cauſed us ^to^ become Living Souls  [gap: tear][guess: w]e are to give thanks.
 
To him we are under Infinite  obligations, who Confers, not few and  Small Inconſiderable Benefits up  on us, but very all godod things  not at times only, but Continualy
To him we are to give thanks  who hath Created ^ye^ Lights for our Eye^s^  the whole world for our Sakes —
To him we are under greateſt  obligations, ^he^ that hath made the  Pleaſant ^Light^ for our Eyes, ^he^ that hath  Made the Herb of the Field, and  all the Fruits of the Earth for  the life of Man, He that hath  made all manner of Four footed  Beaſts and Creeping things and  the Fowls of the Air, and the  Fiſhes of the Seas. He that hath  given and Deliver'd all theſe Crea‐  tures unto us, to him we are to ˄  unfeigned thanks
To him we are to give moſt  humble thanks, into whoſe Juſti[gap: tear][guess: ce]  we have forfited all Mercyies, yet  Continues his Mercies to us thr[gap: tear][guess: o]  the Mediator
 
To him, in whom Live Move and  have our Beings, we owe all  Poſſible Thanks —
To him, who hath given his  only begotten son into the World, to  Save us vile Sinners from everlaſt  Ruin, to Eternal Happineſs, I Say  to him we are Bound to give moſt  Sincere and humble, Yet Joyful  Thanks —
3.
Thirdly let us Conſider the  Time, when, this Duty of giving  thanks is to be done, it is allways  there is no Limited Time, or a Certain  T. ^in^ of our Life to give thanks, but at  all Times; this is altogether Reaſon‐  able, for we always Receive bene‐  fits and Mercies of various kinds  from god, we live and Move and  have our Being in him Continualy—  all the Faculties and Powers Both  of Soul and Body are Maintain'd  in us by god Continualy, the food  and Drink [illegible]which we Continualy  Uſe is the Lord's, the Earth upon  which we have Always Liv'd is the  [gap: tear][guess: Lor]ds the Air in which we alway^s^ 
 
Breathe in is the Lords; and So in  return, as we always live upon  a goodneſs of God, So Shou'd our  thanks be always to God — further  this giving of thanks always may  Suppoſe or require a thankful  Fraim of Heart to God always —  to have grateful Sence of the good‐  neſs of god Always, — and to have  holy reſolution to [illegible]go on in giving  thanks to god always, as David  abundantly Shows in his holy P[illegible: [guess: salms]]  his reſolution was to Praiſe God —  all this Time; So Shoud all ration^al^  Creatures reſove, — again we Shou'd  ^always^ be very Strict in attending to Cer‐  tain Seaſons or Perticural Times  of giving Thanks to God;, whether  PrivetPub^l^ick Privet or Secret; yea  as there is no Minute of our lives  empty of Mercies from god, So Shou^d^  we fill every Minute of our lives  with thanks [illegible]to god, I [illegible] David Says  I will Praiſe God Seven Times a  Day, or give thanks Seven Times a  Day, — So Shou'd we give thanks to  god, not only Seven Times a Day  but Seventy Times Seven
 
I mean to have a T^h^ankful Fraim  of Heart all the Day Long —  we don't mean in all this that we ^are^  obliged to Manifeſt our thankfulneſs  [illegible]always in ^one^ Continued Act either  by word of Mouth or by the Poſture  of the Body for this is Impoſible  in the ^Preſent^ Settuation of our Life,  we are Neceſſarily Calld to other  enmediate Acts of Duty from  Day to Day, we Neceſſarily ^spend^ Som  time in Sleep, But this need  not, yea Can't Break off our than^k^  fulneſs if we are true thankful—  —As a Wiſe Man, is a Wiſe Man,—  always whether he Sleeps or wakes  whether a broad or at home, he  is Still the Same [illegible]Wiſe Man—  So a thankful Man is always  So —
4.
Fourthly and laſtly let  us Conſider the Matter of our  thankfulneſs. It is for all things  for Every thing that we have Receiv^d^  and any thing that we now Poſſes  and Enjoy, and for all things yt  we for ^hope^ to Receive hereafter—
here we may be Naturaly Lead  to Conſider three Particulars, for  which we are to give thanks to  god
1.
Firſt for Creation
2.
Secondly for Preſervation
3.
Thirdly for Redemption
Firſt then we [illegible] are to give thanks  for our Creation of our
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