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    Encyclopedia Arctica 2a: Permafrost-Engineering

    001      |      Vol_IIA-0001                                                                                                                  


            The papers in this volume are in the form intended

    for submission, in 1950, to the editors of the publishers, who

    then were the Johns Hopkins Press of Baltimore.

            It was anticipated that after an editing by the pub–

    lishers their resulting version would be re-edited by the

    Encyclopedia Arctica staff. In cases of disagreement, a final

    version was to be arrived at by the two groups of editors.

            Those who use the present typescript will no doubt

    find in it errors that would have been eliminated by one

    group of editors or the other. Doubtless, too, there would

    have been additions as well as other changes not due to dis–

    covered errors.


    Viljhalmur Stefansson

    Dartmouth College Library

    Hanover, New Hampshire

    December 9, 1954

    001      |      Vol_IIA-0002                                                                                                                  


    Sponsored by

    Office of Naval Research

    Department of the Navy

    Washington, D.C.


    Vilhjalmur Stefansson

    Assistant Editor

    Olive Wilcox



    The Stefansson Library

    4 St. Luke's Place

    New York 14

    April 15, 1950

    001      |      Vol_IIA-0003                                                                                                                  


    Advisory Editor : Commander Palmer W. Roberts, CEC, USN;

    formerly Officer in Charge, U.S. Naval

    Petroleum Reserve No. 4, Alaska; now

    Director, Plans Division, Bureau of

    Yards and Docks, Department of the Navy,

    Consultants : Dr. John Calvin Reed, Staff Geologist,

    Territories and Island Possessions,

    U.S. Geological Survey.
    Dr. Karl Terzaghi, Consulting Engineer,

    Lecturer, Soil Mechanics and Engineering

    Geology, and Professor of Civil Engineering,

    Harvard University.

    001      |      Vol_IIA-0004                                                                                                                  


    Amos J. Alter Division of Sanitation & Engineering, Alaska Department

    of Health, Juneau.
    Ludlow G. Anderson Engineer-in-Charge, Territory of Alaska, Health & Safety

    Division, U.S. Bureau of Mines.
    Robert F. Black Formerly in charge of Permafrost Program, now Military

    Geology Branch, U.S. Geological Survey.
    Caterpillar Tractor Company, Peoria, Illinois.
    Karl A. Clark Bituminous sand research 1920-36; since 1942 Research

    Council of Alberta; Professor of Metallurgy, University

    of Alberta.
    Ralph Coleman Chief Petroleum Engineer, Arctic Contractors, developing

    U.S. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4, Alaska.
    Al T. Donnels General Electric Nucleonics Project, Richland, Washington;

    formerly with Fay, Spotsford & Thorndike, Fort Richardson,

    Roy B. Earling Formerly in charge U.S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Company,

    Walter A. English Continental Air Map Company, Los Angeles; personal ex–

    perience in Alaska.
    Stewart H. W. Folk Associate Professor of Geology, Baylor University; for–

    merly connected with development U.S. Naval Petroleum

    Reserve No. 4, Alaska.
    Angelo Francesco Ghiglione, Chief, Construction Division, Alaska Road Commission.
    Bart W. Gillespie General Manager, American Independent Oil Company of Mexico,

    Mexico City; formerly connected with Arctic Contractors,

    developing U.S. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4, Alaska.
    William G. Greenman Commodore, USN, Director, Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale

    Reserves, U.S. Navy.
    Ralph Hansen Chief, Soils & Frost Effects Branch, Soils Laboratory,

    New England Division, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Water–

    town, Massachusetts.

    002      |      Vol_IIA-0005                                                                                                                  
    EA-II: Contributors

    George Sherwood Hume Director General of Scientific Services, Department of

    Mines and Technical Surveys, Ottawa.
    H. B. Humphrey U.S. Bureau of Mines; formerly assigned to Alaska (1936-40)
    L. A. Jachowski, Jr. Lt. MSC-USN, Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda,

    James D. Lang Lt. Colonel, CE (USAF), District Engineer, Alaska District,

    Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army (in charge post-war construc–

    tion program in Alaska).
    John A. Legge, Jr. Formerly with United Geophysical Co., operating in Alaska.
    Kenneth A. Linell Soils and Frost Effects Branch, Soils Laboratory, New England

    Division, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Watertown, Mass.
    Carl J. Lomen Pioneer of Alaska reindeer industry; President, Lomen

    Commercial Company of Nome and Seattle.
    Theodore C. Mathews Assistant Project Manager, Arctic Contractors, developing

    U.S. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4, Fairbanks.
    E. M. McVeity Imperial Oil Limited, Toronto.
    Michler Company Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.
    Paul R. Moyer Coal Mine Inspection Branch, U.S. Bureau of Mines.
    Harold R. Porter Standard Oil Company of California; personal experience in

    William Everett Potter Colonel, District Engineer (1948-49), Alaska District,

    Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Anchorage.
    Wallace E. Pratt Petroleum Geologist, Special Assistant to Chairman, National

    Security Resources Board; formerly Vice President, Standard

    Oil Company of New Jersey.
    George W. Rathjens Consulting Engineer; formerly consultant to City of Fairbanks,

    Alaska, and to Arctic Contractors in development of U.S.

    Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4.
    Palmer W. Roberts Commander, CEC, USN; formerly Officer in Charge, U.S. Naval

    Petroleum Reserve No. 4 Alaska; now Director, Plans

    Division, Bureau of Yards and Docks, Department of the Navy,

    George M. Romanowitz Yuba Mfg. Company, 251 California St., San Francisco.

    Personal experience in Alaska.

    003      |      Vol_IIA-0006                                                                                                                  
    EA-II: Contributors

    Robert S. Sanford Mining Engineer, U.S. Bureau of Mines.
    Vilhjalmur Stefansson Editor, Encyclopedia Arctica.
    Karl Terzaghi Consulting Engineer; Lecturer, Soil Mechanics and Engineer–

    ing Geology, and Professor of Civil Engineering, Harvard

    James Truitt Colonel, Executive Officer, Missouri Division, Corps of

    Engineers, U.S. Army, Omaha. Personal experience in Alaska.
    Scott Turner Mining Engineer & Geologist; Manager, Arctic Coal Mining

    Company, operations in Spitsbergen, 1912-16; Director,

    U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1926-34; consultant in mining &

    director various mining companies.
    U.S. Army District Engineer, St. Paul District, Corps of Engineers.
    Howard G. Wilcox Supervising Engineer, Mining Section, Reconstruction Finance

    Corporation, Fairbanks.
    Ralph W. Woodworth Commander, USN; U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey.

    001      |      Vol_IIA-0007                                                                                                                  


    Subject Author Words
    Part 1: Permafrost
    Permafrost as a Natural

    Robert F. Black 10,700
    Engineering Problems and Construc–

    tion in Permafrost Regions
    Corps of Engineers,

    St. Paul District
    Physics of Ground Frost Karl Terzaghi 13,300
    Soil Mechanics in Permafrost

    Karl Terzaghi 3,800
    Natural Cold Storage Vilhjalmur Stefansson

    (with collaboration of

    Carl J. Lomen)
    Part 2: Engineering
    Civil Engineering
    Cold Weather Operations Palmer W. Roberts, Commander,

    CEC, USN
    Work Feasibility Palmer W. Roberts 1,800
    Arctic Surveying Ralph W. Woodworth, Commander,

    Highways, Bridges and Pro–

    tection from Ice Damage
    Angelo Francesco Ghiglione 4,200

    002      |      Vol_IIA-0008                                                                                                                  
    EA-II: Table of Contents

    Subject Author Words
    Part 2 , contd.
    Drainage, Flood Control and

    Beach Erosion in Alaska
    James Truitt, Colonel, CE

    Strength and Uses of Fresh and

    Salt Water Ice
    Ralph Hansen

    (with collaboration of

    Kenneth A. Linell)
    Construction and Maintenance of

    Airfields in the Far North

    James D. Lang, Lt. Colonel,

    CE (USAF)
    Excavations and Foundations Al T. Donnels 4,500
    Emergency, Temporary, and Semi–

    permanent Housing for Polar

    Palmer W. Roberts 14,000
    Industrial Structures in Alaska Al T. Donnels 2,700
    Arctic Construction Methods Theodore C. Mathews 3,000
    Transportation Over Land and Ice Theodore C. Mathews 5,000
    Electrical and Mechanical Engineering
    Effect of Extreme Arctic Cold

    on Materials
    Palmer W. Roberts 3,000
    Petroleum Products for Arctic

    Winter Use in Automotive

    Harold R. Porter 2,200
    Tractor-type Transportation

    Units for Arctic Operations
    Caterpillar Tractor Company 9,600
    Sled-type Transportation Equip–

    ment for Arctic Operations
    The Michler Company

    (adapted by P.W. Roberts)
    Analysis of Design Factors for

    Power, Heating, Ventilating, and

    Refrigeration Systems for Alaska
    William Everett Potter, Colonel,

    CE (USAF)
    Power Plant Development and

    Electrical Transmission and

    Distribution Systems
    George W. Rathjens 4,000

    003      |      Vol_IIA-0009                                                                                                                  
    EA-II: Table of Contents

    Subject Author Words
    Part 2 , contd.
    Mining Engineering
    Mining in Northern Climates Howard G. Wilcox 3,400
    Prospecting and Exploration of

    Minerals in the Arctic and

    Subarctic Alaska
    Robert S. Sanford 6,500
    Gold Dredging in Subarctic and

    Arctic America
    Roy B. Earling 3,500
    Construction for Placer–

    mining Operations
    George W. Rathjens 4,000
    Design of Dredges for the Far

    North Placers
    George M. Romanowitz 3,000
    Coal Mining in Spitsbergen Scott Turner 10,000
    Blasting in Surface and Drift

    Operations in the Far North
    Ludlow G. Anderson

    (with collaboration of

    Paul R. Moyer)
    Safety in Mining in Alaska H. B. Humphrey 1,800
    Petroleum Engineering
    Petroleum in the Arctic Wallace E. Pratt 4,000
    Petroleum Exploration In Arctic

    William G. Greenman, Commodore,

    Arctic Alaska Petroleum Explora–

    tion and Drilling Operation
    Bart W. Gillespie

    (with collaboration of

    Ralph Coleman)
    Geological and Geophysical

    Walter A. English 2,600
    Seismograph and Gravity Meter

    John A. Legge, Jr. 3,000
    Deep Well Logging Methods in

    Arctic Alaska
    Stewart H. W. Folk 2,500

    004      |      Vol_IIA-0010                                                                                                                  
    EA-II: Table of Contents

    Subject Author Words
    Part 2 , Contd.
    Development of Oil Fields in

    Canada’s North
    E. M. McVeity 2,500
    Geology of the Athabaska Bitumi–

    nous Sands
    George Sherwood Hume 2,300
    Development of Bituminous Sands

    of Northern Alberta
    Karl A. Clark 4,600
    Sanitary Engineering
    Arctic Sanitary Engineering Amos J. Alter 32,000
    Arctic Insect Pests and Their

    L. A. Jachowski, Jr., Lt.


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