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Sermon, 2 Corinthians 5:17, 1766 July 13

ms-number: 766413

abstract: Occom's sermon on the text "Therefore if any man be in Christ he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things become new".

handwriting: Handwriting is small, but clear and legible.

paper: Very small sheets folded and sewn together into a booklet are in good condition, with minimal staining and wear.

ink: Brown ink varies in intensity over the course of the manuscript.

noteworthy: At the top of one recto, an editor, likely 19th-century, has added the note " '766 Ser. at Mr. Olding's." This note has not been transcribed. The top of the last page is uncut, and so there are no images for five verso and six recto. On six verso, there is a recipe, likely for an herbal remedy, in Occom's hand.

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

Modernized Version -- deletions removed; additions added in; modern spelling and capitalization added; unfamiliar abbreviations expanded.

2 Corinthians 5:17

Therefore if any man be in
Christ Jesus he is a new Creature: etc.
Regeneration is a doctrine
much despised by many, but
it is a Doctrine of the Bible, and
therefore it is a substantial
Doctrine, it is a Spiritual
Doctrine, and it is not to be
understood but by Spiritual
understanding — I believed it is gene­
rally owned by those, who believe[illegible]
the Bible to be the word of god.
that we must be good somehow
before we are fit to go to Heaven,
and this is good reasoning, for if
we believe Heaven to be a good Place
we must be good, if it be a Holy
place, we must be Holy, if it
be a pure Place, we must be
pure, if it be Spiritual, we
must Spiritual, or else we can't
Enjoy Heaven, Yea if god be
Holy, we must be holy in order
to serve him here and in the world
to Come, or in other words, to En­
joy him in this world and in
the World to Come —
we are ready to Conclude, that
a poor Begger, in his filthy,
Ragged Garments, is not fit
to go into the Kings Palace
and to Serve him there, and
we should not like a Swine, in his
filth to Dwell in our houses;
so an unholy Man is no more
fit to Enter into Heaven, the
Habitation of God, —
And therefore we must be holy,
and god has found out a way
for us to become holy,. and
it is by being in Christ —
Now if any man be in Christ
he is a New Creature, old
things are passed away,
and behold all things are
become new — —
In further Speaking upon
these words I Shall Endeavour
to Show by the Help of God —
1. What it is to be in Christ —
2. Such are new Creatures
3. to Such all old thing are
done away and all thing
are become a new —
1. Then what it is to be in
Christ — to be in Christ is to be
united to him by a living
  Faith, in other words,
to believe and receive Jesus Christ
as he is offered in the Gospel
to be the only suitable Savi­
our, to rely upon him
for what he has done
to be in Christ Jesus, is to have the
Image of Jesus Christ restamped in
us and to have his Spirit
in us, Yea to be in Christ
is to have Christ Dwelling
in us, and we in him —
2. They that are in Christ
Jesus are new Creatures
  they are Created anew
in Christ Jesus, they dont
only have Names but
have new dispositions—
Blank page.Blank page.Blank page.
2 ou Conserve of roses
1 ou of Lu[illegible]ret[illegible] Bals[illegible][guess: am]
1/1 an ou of Sp[illegible]r[illegible][guess: ma]
all pounded in a M[illegible][guess: ar]
take a piece as big as
a nutmeg every morning
and Ni[gap: faded][guess: ght] fasting
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
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