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Samson Occom, journal, 1786 December 11 to 1787 April 7

ms-number: 786661

abstract: Occom describes his travels as an itinerant preacher through Connecticut and New York. He also relates an episode involving a rumour that his son Aaron has been arrested for murder.

handwriting: Handwriting is largely clear and legible. There are several uncrossed t's, crossed l's, undotted i's, and dotted e's, which the transcriber has corrected.

paper: Several small sheets are folded into a booklet that was, at one time, bound with thread or twine. The paper is in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-heavy staining and wear.

ink: Brown ink varies in intensity throughout.

noteworthy: An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten Occom's hand in black ink and pencil; these edits have not been transcribed. On seven recto, it is uncertain to whom Occom refers when he mentions the “Man of the house,” and so this person has been left untagged.

[illegible][guess: Al]marck for Emanuel
1 Peter IV. 18. Heb IV. 11
 1 Sam. XII. 24 XXXV. 10
Mr William Albertſon
Blank page.

Monday Decr 11

About 12
I took leave of Esqr Woodwoths
Family, and went on to Stephen
, got to Mr Tobiass
Juſt before Sun Sit and
Taried there, and was very
kindly intertaind, by the Family
Lodged there. — — —

Tueſday Decr 12:

about 11
the People began to Collect
and there was Company of
People, for the Seaſon, it was
very Cold, and much Sonow
on the Ground, and it is a
Scaterd Place,— we began
the meeting, a little after 12
I Spoke from Matt, VI. 10 and
the People attened with great
and Solemn attention, many
were much affected, — I Lodgd
here again, and had a Com
fortable reſt. — —

Wedneſday Decr 13:

Got up
early, and Sot of Soon, Sopt
at Mr Robenſons a while
took ˄ there, and Soon after
Breakfast I went on again,
got to Esqr Skermehorns, about
11: and took Dinner with them
Soon after Dinner, went on
to Mr Dimons, and found
them well, and was kindly
receivd, Eſpecially by
Mrs Dimon, She is an old
acquaintance, and Friend
of mine, She came from
Rhod Island State, Lodged
there, and was very tenderly
entertaind, Lodged Comfort
ably by the Fire, accordg
to my deſire, — — —

Thirdsday Decr 14:

About 10
we went to Esqr Skermehorns
to meeting, the People got
together at 11, and I went
into a Store Houſe, where the
People Collected, and there
was a Prodigious Concourſe
of People. I Spoke from the
Revels of John I: Chap X: 36
and there was a melting
attention amongſt the People
many Tears were Shed, and
preſently after meeting I
went home again with
Mr Dimond and his Family
in their Slay, and there
I Lodgd again. — —

Fryday Decr 15.

got up very
early, and the whole Family got
up, alſo, and Breakfaſt
was got ready Soon, and we ate
and Soon after eating Mr
and his wife, and I
went to Stephen Town in his
Slay, it is about 10 miles diſtant
we Stopt at Mr Jabez Spencers
a little while, and So paſt on, and
about 10 o. c we got to Mr Na-
than Brockway
s and there we
put up, he was not at Home,
and towards Night, he got home
and in the Evening, the People Col
lected together for meeting, and
there was a large Aſembly, and
I Spoke from XXV Matt. 43: and the
People attended with great Solemn
ity, many were affected much,
and after meeting, many Spoke
to me with tenderneſs. after the
People were gone, we Sung Several
Hymns, and had agreable Conver
ſation, Sot up very late, at laſt
went to be[illegible]d quietely — —

Saturday Decr 16:

got up early
and had Exerciſe in the Family
with my Cards, and the young P
attend with gravity and Decincy
and Some Time after Break
faſt we Sot of again, to return
to Philips-Town. got to Mr Dimonds
Houſe, about 1: and there Stayd
again. — —

Sabb Decr 17.

about 10 we
went to meeting at Esqr John
's and there was
the bigeſt number of People, that
ever was Seen in one meeting
in this Wilderneſs Settlement, it
was thought there was about 500
People, [illegible] We met in a large
Barn, — I Spoke from Amos
III. 4, and I think I had Some
Senſe of Divine things, and there
was an affectionate attention
thro the Aſembly, the People
were bowd under the word, they
Sot like Crimenals. under a
Sentance of Death — Soon after
meeting I returnd with Mr
and his Family in a
Slay;— In the evening a Compa
ny Came together, at Mr Dimond
for meeting, there was but few
People, it was a Tedious Snowy
and Rainey evening, I Spoke
from John IX: [gap: omitted] and the People
attended with great Solemnity
Some were affected.—

Monday Decr 18.

Soon after
Breakfaſt Mr Dimond got his
Slay ready. and went Mr
Samulel Wheeler
's to meeting
about 5 miles, we got there
about 11, and the People
Juſt began to Collect, and there
Conſiderable of People got toge
ther, I Spoke from Matt V. 5
and it was a Solemn meeting,
Soon after meeting, we went
went back, got home before
Sun Sit, and Lodgd there —

Tueſday Decr 19:

Got up
very early, and they got
Breakfaſt directly, before
Sunriſe I took leave of the
Family, and went on my to
Stephen-Town; Calld at Mr
s, at Mr Joness, and
So on to Mr Joſhua Gardners
and there was a prodigious
Number of People Collected
together, and I begun the
Exerciſe directly, I Spoke
from Ecles I: 15: and there
was very deep and Solemn at
tention thro the Aſembly,
mayny Tears were Shed,—
Soon af[illegible][illegible]ter [illegible]took Dinner
and then went with one
Mr Ezekiel Shelden, and
had an Evening meeting there
and there was a Conſiderable
of People I Spoke from Matt V. 5
the People Seemed to attend
with Some feeling of the word
after I had done two or three
Spoke with Some affection,
I was Tenderly treated, Lodgd
at the Same Houſe, and reſt
ed Comfortably. about

Wedneſday Decr 20.

About 10
we went to one Hammond to
meeting, and there was a large
number of People, and I
Spoke from John VII. 37 and
there good attention Soon after
meeting, I we went back with
Mr Shelden a gain in his Slay
took Dinner with them, and
directly after eating, we went
[illegible]to one Mr Haywards and there
we had another meeting, I
I Spoke from Mark V: 4
and the People attended well,
one or two Spoke after I had,
here I Lodgd, — —

Thirdsday Decr 21,

After Bt
Mr Rufus Price and I went
to Mr Brockway's and Mr
went back, and Mr
took me in his
Slay, with his Family, to a meet
ing about 3. miles nothward
got there [illegible][guess: a] 12: and a large
Number of People had Col
lected together, and I began
the exerciſe directly, I Spoke
from John VI 36: and there was
undCommon attention amongst
the People, there was a flow
of Tears, I believe the Lord
was preſent with his word,—
as Soon as ever the meeting
was done, I went back with
Mr Brockway, — and in the
evening we had meeting
again and there was Conſi
derable number of People &
I Spoke from 1 Peter [gap: omitted]
and the People attended with
great Solemnity, Lodgd at the
Same Houſe — — —

Fryday Decr 22,

Soon after
Breakfaſt, I leave of the F
and went on to one Mr DGard
s, upon the borders of
Handcock, and there was
a meeting to be, the People
began to Collect when I got
there, and there was large
Number of People — I began
about half after 11: I Spoke
from Acts VIII. [gap: omitted] and the P
were greatly attentive and
Some manifeſted affection
Soon after meeting I went
Home with Mrs Goodrich and
her Son in a Slay, got there
Some Time before night the
Place where they live is Calld
Jaricho; tooke Dinner with
them, the Man of the Houſe
is helpleſs as a Child, he is
troubled with a [illegible]Num Palſey,
in the Evening, we went in the
Slay again to meeting at the
Houſe of one Mr Hammond, and
there was great many People,
I Spoke from [gap: omitted]
and the People appeared
very Serious and Some were
aff[illegible]ected — Soon after meeting
˄ we[illegible]nt back with Mr Goodrich
and there I Lodgd, and was
kindly Treated, — —

Saturday Decr 23:

Soon af
ter eating, took leave of
the Family, and went on to
wards New Lebanon; Stopt
a while at Mr Patchins
his wife has been Sick a
long while, I had Some Con
verſation with her, She Com
plains of much Darkneſs
but I believe She is a real
Christian; about 11: I went
on, a man went with me,
and he Conducted to the Pool
and it is a remarkable
Spring, and a Clump of
Houſe are on and [guess: rund],
was there but few minutes
and I went on to the meeting
Houſe, and I put up at
Capt Joness Cloſe by the Meet
ing Houſe, and he and his
Wife were not at Home,—
in the evening they Came home
and they are agreable Couple —
Lodged there and was kindly
entertaind. — — —

Sabb. Decr 24:

It was very
Cold Day, I went into the meet
ing Houſe, about 11: and there
was a Conſiderable number of
People for the Cold Seaſon, I Spok
from the words there is at Jeruſam
a Pool, &c — and there was a
good attention. after meeting
went to Capt Joness again[illegible].
in the evening, went to one Mr
s and there we had a meetg
and there was a great numbr
of People, and I Spoke from
1 Corin VII: [gap: omitted] and there was a
Solemn attention many I be-
lieve were much affected —
after meeting I went back to
Capt Joness and Lodgd there a
gain, — — — —

Monday Decr 25:

got up,
very early, and took Breakt
and Sot a way, and got to
Richmound, about 9: Calld
on Mr Pery a miniſter of
the Place, and he and ano-
ther man, were very urgent
to have me Stop and preach
in the evening, and I Conſented
and I went to Mr Millers and
there I put up, in the evenin[below]g
we went to meeting to Mr Collin,
and there was a Conſiderable
number of People, and I Spok
from 1 Kings XIX: and the
People attened well, I Lodgd
at the Same Houſe and they
were exceed kind to me. —

Tueſday Decr 26,

got up very
early, and they got Breakfaſt
Soon, and we had Exerciſe with
my Cards and it was very
agreable to them; about 9
I Sot off, a young carried
me in a Slay to Mr Millers, and
about 10, I Sot away again
got to Stockbridge, before
12: took Dinner with Mr Sar
, and then went Capt
s, and he was not at
Home, and so I went back
to one Lucreſhas and in
the evening went back to
Capt Yokes: and Lodged
there, they being very glad
to See me, — —

Wedneſday Decr 27:

got up
very early, and a little af
ter Sunriſe I went on my
way, got to Mr Babcocks
in Canaan, and Lodgd
there, — — — —
Thirdſday Decr 28. got up
quite early Sot away, and
Stopt at Several Houſes;
got to Mr Enos before Sun
Set, and put up there —

Fryday Decr 29:

got up
very early and got Break
faſt, and Sot of Soon, got
to Mr Wallins before noon
and they deſired me to Stay
over the Sabbath, and I Con
ceſnted, and Lodgd there —

Sabb. Decr 31:

about 10 the
People began to Collect, and
there was Conſiderable [illegible]num
ber of People, and I began
about 11: Spoke from Amos 3:3
and the People attended very
well, bu[illegible]tt not So Solemn
as I have Seen in other
Places.— took Dinner after
meeting; and Some Time
in the after noon I Sot of
and got to Esqr Roberts in
the evening, and he deſired
me to tary all night with 'em
and I accepted of his kind
offer. and I went to bed Soon,
and reſted Comfortably —
Thus I have Ended one year
more, and have experienced
much of the goodneſs of god
to me in many reſpects, tho'
I have been greatly and Shame
fully wanting in my Duty
to myſelf, to my fellow Creatures,
and to my Maker,— O god
Almighty freely parden all my Sins
Wi[illegible][guess: l]tenbury

Janr 1: 1787

 In the morning, we had
Exerciſe, in the Family
and it was very agreable
to them, they were very Solemn
and I prayd in the Family.
Some Time in the Morning
Mr Walcut Came, to the Houſe
w[illegible]here I was, invited to his
Houſe, he is the Miniſter of
tthe Place, and the People
had Concluded, to have me
Preach on the next Day;
and Some Time paſt Noon
I left Esqr Roberts's and
went to See Mr Samuel Eno
I Calld by the way at Mr
s they were exceeding
glad to See me, and they
Sent for Deacon Manley
and he Soon Came he is an
old Diſciple, appears to be
an Isr[illegible]alte indeed, and we
had agreable interview
after a while, I went on
and Saw Mr Eno, he and
his wife were glad to See
me,— Juſt at Night I
went to Mr Wolcotts and
was kindly receivd receevd,
Thus I began a New Year
The Lord enable me to
Live a New Life more
than ever I did, that I
might Live as a Dying
and acountable Creature
unto god. The Lord enable
me to do what ever work
I have [illegible]before me; and that
I might reſign myſelf, into
the Hands of god —

Tueſday Janr 2:

Near 110
Mr Wolcott and I went to
meeting, and we found but
few People at the meeting H
Sot a while in a Houſe, and
a little paſt 11: went into the
meeting Houſe and there
was Conſiderable Number
of People got together, and
I Spo[illegible]ke from Daniel V:25
and there was deep attention
many were much affected,
Soon after meeting, I went
into an Houſe, and took Din
ner, and then I went on, and
Call on Mr LRowland at old
, Sot but few minutes
and paſt on, got over the
River well, and went to my
Daughter [illegible] tOlives, got there
in the Duſk of the evening
and found them all well,
Lodged there; Sot up late —

Wedneſday Janr 3:

got up
early, and took few mouth
fulls of Victuals, and So went
on my way; Call on Mr
at Bolton, a miniſ
ter of the Place, and he was
exceeding Glad to hear of
the Work of god in the wilder
neſs amongſt the Indians,
took Dinner, and Soon after
eating, I paſt on again, &
I got So far as Mr Lomiss in
Lebanon, a Tavern keeper
went to Bed prety Soon, and
reſted Comfortably — —

Thirdsday Janr 4:

got up
early, and Sot of directly
and it was very bad ride
ing, it had been thawing
ever ſince laſt Saturday
Stopt at Capt Hide's and there
took Breakfaſt, and Soon after
eating I went on my way Stopt
a little while at Mr Champions
and there I heard a Surprizing
News, that one of my Sons
had been guilty of murder
near Boſton, and was Sen-
tancd to be hang'd, and my
was Seen there about
three weeks ago, and was
mourning and weeping her
ſelf almost to Death. and I
was Some what Surprizd. &
began to thingk many things
but when I got in Town, I
found there was nothing in
it; about 2 in the after
noon, I got home, and
found my poor Family
all in good State of Health
Bleſsed be the Name of the

Sabb Janr 7:

went to meeting
to Deacon Henry Quaquaquids
but there was but very few
People, and I only gave
them the relation of my Jour
ney, and Prayed, — — —

Thirdsday Janr 11:

my wife
was robd by a Molatto —

Fryday Janr 19

The above
mentiond Mallato was tried
before two Juſtices, and was
found guilty — — —

Saturday Janr 20:

went to
lower part of Groton, went
over the River at New London
got to Capt Robert Latham's
a little before Sun Sit, and
found them all well, and was
kindly receivd, and Lodged
there, and went to bed Soon
and Reſted Comfortably —

Sabb Janr 21:

It was [illegible]a Stormy
Day and was all laſt Night
about 10 went Meeting at Mr
gidion Saunders
s, and there
was but a little number of
People, and I Spoke to them
from James II. 26
in the evening went to Mr
abel Babcock
s and had
a meeting there, and there
was a large number of P.
and I Spoke from James IV: 4
and the People attended with
great attention; I Lodgd at
the Same Houſe, — — —

Monday Janr 22:

Soon after
Breakfaſt went back to Mr
s: and was there
but a little while, and then
went to See Mrs Latham, Sot
a little while, and So went on
to Mr Street's, Calld at Mr
s was there a while &
then went to Mr Streets, and
was kindly receivd by the Fam
ily, about 1 began the Mg
and there was Conſiderable
Number of People, tho' it
was a Snowy Day, and
I Spoke from Rom. II. 28: 19
and the People attended well
after meeting took dinner
at the Same Houſe, — and
in the Evening went to Mr
s and had another
meeting, and there was
a great number of People
tho the Storm Continued, &
I Spoke from James [below]IV. 7
and the People attended with
great Seriousneſs,—I Lodgd
at the Same Houſe — — —

Tueſday Janr 23:

Some Time
after Breakfaſt, I took leav
of the Family; and went
to Capt Robert Lathams, &
took leave of them, and then
went down to the Ferry, and
went over to New London
and was there Some Hours
and So paſt on, and got
Home Some Time before
Night, and found all
my Family well, thro
the goodneſs of god. — —

[illegible]Saturd Janr 27:

About 10.
Sot of from Home, and went
to a Place Calld Jewet City
got there Some Time before
Sun Sit, put up at Mr Elea
and was kindly red
Sot up Some what late
and reſted Comfortably —

Sabb Janr 28.,

A little
paſt 11 went into the meet
ing, and there was a great
Number of People, and
I Spoke from Rom. II: 28: 29
and there was a Solemn at
tention in the Aſembly,
after Service went to Mr Jewet
and took Dinner there, and
Soon after Dinner took leave
of the Family, and went
to Deacon Tracy's, and there
had a meeting again
and there was a great
Number of People, I Spoke
from 1 Sam. XII: 24: and there
was a Solemn attention,
many Shed Tears, — Lodgd
at the Same Houſe, and
reſted Comfortably —

Mondady Janr 29;

got up
early, and had my horſe
got ready Soon, and went
on my way, Stopt at
one Mr Reeds and took
Breakfaſt there, and af
ter eating, had Some Con
verſation with an old
woman, 92: Years of age
or near, and had a little
exerciſe with a Card in the Family
and another Family Came
to the Houſe,— and then
went on, got Home about
2 o'c: and found my Fa
well as Common —

Sabb Februr 4:

About 11
Sot of from Home. and to Mrs
s and it was etreem
Cold, wind Blew very hard
at North weſt, and Snow
flew like fog, — got to the P
Soon, and there were Some
People, more than Coud be
[illegible] expected for the Severity
of the weather, I began
the Exerciſe about 12. or paſt
I Spoke from Ecleſi. III: 12
and there was a Solemn at
tention — after Service took
Dinner, and and towards
went home and Soon godt
Home — — —

Wedneſday Februr 7: 1787

Left home early in the mor
ning, and to one Mr Smith
in Newent, Stopt a while
at Doc.r Maſh's. in[illegible] Norwich
and took Breakfaſt there
and Soon after went on, and
to Mr Smith's about 10 and
they were glad to See me.
the old gentleman is quite
helpleſs, with Num. Palſy
and about half after 1: o. c
I began the meeting and
there was but few People,
I Spoke from Job: XXXV. 10
and the People attended
with great Solemnity:
Soon after meeting I
went back, and got home
in the Duſk of the even-g,
and was Somewhat t[illegible]ired
and went to Bed. Soon — —

Saturday Februr 10:

About 12
Sot off from my Houſe, and
to groton Indian Town— got
there about Sun Sit, and put
at Widow Pauhquunnup's
found them all well, and we
were glad to See each other
again once more this Side
of the grave, went to bed in
good Seaſon, and had a Com-
fortable reſt, — —

Sabb: Febr 11:

we began
the Meeting near 12: and there
was Conſiderable Number of
People, and I Spoke from,
1 Peter IV. 8 and the People at
tended well,— in the evening
we had another meeting, and
Conſiderable number of People
for it was a Rainy evening,
and I Spoke from 1 Kings XXI. 29
and I had but a little Senſe of
Divine things. Yet the People at
tend well, — we Sot up a long
while and Sung, Mr Silus Spicer
Lodgd there, and many of the
Indians, went to bed at laſt &
I reſted well, — — —

Monday Februr 12:

got up
and attended on Family Pray
and then Sot of soon, Satopt a
while at Mr John Williams, and
took Breakfaſt there, and Soo'n
after eating went on my
way, got home, a little paſt
Noon and found my Family
all well as Uſual — —

Fryday Febrr 16:

Towards N
went to Mr Chappel's and a m–g
there, bur few People got toge
ther, and I Spoke to them from
Psalm 146: 5: and the People at
tended Soberly, Stayd at the
Houſe all Night, we Sot up late
yet had Comfortable Reſt by
Sleep in the Silent watches —

Monday Febr 17:

got up
early, and they Breakfaſt
Soon, and I eat with them
and Soon after went Home
and Stopt a while at Mr T.
s, got home about 11—

Saturday Febry 24

Sun a
bout an Hour high, Sot of from
home and went to Canterbury
Calld on Docr Marſh, and Sot
a while and paſt on, and
got Brother Clarkes Some
Time in the afternoon, and
found them all well, and
was kindly receivd; and
Lodgd there, — —

Sabb. Feburr 25:

Soon after
Breakfaſt, went to meet
ing, in Scotland, Mr Palmers
meeting Houſe; — and there
was but a little number
of People, — I Spoke to them
from Prov: IV: 13: and in
the afternoon from Psalm 146: 5
Directly after meeting I
went back to M.r Isaac Wms
and had a meeting there
in the evening and there
was a large Number of
People, and I Spoke from
Luke XXIII: 40 and there was
good attention, and So there
in the Day, Lodgd at the
Same Houſe, and kindly en
tertain'd, went to bed Some
what late and had Com
fortable reſt — —

Monday Febr 26:

Sot of
very early, Stopt a few
minutes at Mr Lions and
So paſt on, Stopt at Mr
Joſeph Smiths, and there
took Breakfaſt, and Soon
after eating went on and
got home about 12: and
found my Family well
Thanks to the Father of
all mercies — —

Sabb: March 4:

Some Time
in the Morning Sot of from Home
and went over to groton, and
it was very bad riding, Snow
was Some what deep, and drif
ted, and it [illegible]Snowd, again
got to Mr Chapman, about
11, and the People began to
gather, and there was Condſi
derable number of People
and we began the meeting
about 12: and I Spoke from
James IV. 14: and there was
Solemn attention,— after M–
took Dinner with the Family
and Soon after eating, Sot of
for Home. got home before
Sun down — — —

Sabb. March 11.

Got up
Some Time before Day brake
and was geting to go up to
Canterbury, Sot of a little
after sun riſe, Stopt a few
minutes at Docr Marſhes
and So paſt on, Calld ant
Mr Smith's alſo, and took
Some victuals, and Soon
got to Elder Lyon's near
12: and he directly Sent
out among the Neighbours
to give notice of my be-
ing in the Place, and
the People Collected Soon
and about 1: we began
the Service of god, — and
I Spoke from Matt V. 5.
and the People attended
with great Solemnity —
after meeting took Dinner
with Brother Lyon, Juſt
before Night, we went to
Mr Dyer Brewſters and
there we had another
meeting, and there was
Conſiderable number of
People; and I Spoke from
Matt VI: 9: and the Lord I
believe was preſent with
us; the Hearts of Some Chris
tians were warmd with the
Fire of Love. Some deliverd
few words after I had done
I Lodgd at the Same Houſe
and was entertain'd with
Brotherly kindneſs, reſted
Comfortably; — —

Monday March 12:

Breakfaſt, I went to See
Brother Sunſummon, found
all well, about 10 went
back, and Soon to Mr Clarks
took Dinner with them,
from thence we went to
Brother Lyon's to meeting
about 2 began the meeting
and there was a great Numr
of People; and I Spoke from
1 Corin VII[illegible] 29. 30 and I believe
the Lord was preſent with his
word, many of the People were
Mov'd Some rejoiced and others
were bowd under the word
many Trears wer Shed. Brother
was So ful he quite
Boild over, and he kiſs'd us
all with a kiſs of Charity
not with his mouth, but with
his Heart, — Stayd at the
Same Houſe all Night, ——

Tueſday March, 13:

It was
a stormy Morning, it Raind
very hard, and So Stayd qui-
etly, had agreable entertain
ment both with victuals and
Drink and Converſation, took
Dinner with them, and the rain
Slacked, and So I Sot of, for home,
Stopt a while at Mr Joſeph
's, Prayd with them, and
went on again, got home
Juſt after Sun Set. — —

Fryday March 16:

went to
New London on the Tribes
Buſineſs to See the De[illegible]eds of
Mr John Raymond, and Mr
Ebenezer Smith Jur
I found
Smiths, but Coud not find Ray
got home again Some Time in
the evening. — —

Sabb March 18:

Went to Mr
John Brown
s, Calld on Docr
s, and Sot there a while
and then went on,— got to the
Place, about 10. and we be-
gan the meeting near 12: and
there was Conſiderable numr
of People, for a wet Day
and I Spoke from Hosea IV. 1
and the People were very atten
tive.— after meeting took Din
ner with the Family, and
Soon after went homward
got home Juſt before Sun
Sit, found my wife quite
poorly. —

Sabb March 25

over to Esqr [illegible]Aſa Averys
and there was a large Nr
of People, and I Spoke
from Mark VI. 6: and
the People attended well
[illegible]took [illegible]Dinner with the
Family, after [illegible]Meeting —
in the evening went
home again —

Thirsday and Fryday March 29.30

attended on Tribe affairs
with our Overſeers, went
on our Buſineſs with out
much Difficulty — —

Fryday. April 6:

got up very
early and Sot of for New-
. got there ther about
8 o: c and found a paſage
going Directly to Sag harb
about 10 we Sot Sail
the veſel is Calld Starling
Packet, William Booth M
and we had Contr[illegible]ary w
and Small, and Contrary
Tide alſo and we were
obligd to return back
to New London, got a
Shore again before Sun
ſit, and I went over to gro
and Lodgd at Mr
s and was kindly
receivd.— had a Comfort
able reſt — —

Saturday April 7:

up very early and went
down to the Fery, Calld
on Esqr Leadyard and
he deſired me to take
Breakfaſt there, but
I was in hast and the
woman gave me a good [illegible][guess: hunck]
of Bread and maeat and
went directly over, and a
bout 8 we Sot Sail again
and had Small and Contra
ry, and we were obliged
to run into Sea Brook &
there we Spent the Night
and I lodged a board — —

Blank page.Blank page.Blank page.
Rev.d Saml Buell E Hamp
Mr Woolworth B: Hampton
Rev.d Mr Williams S: Hampton
Rev.d Mr Roſe Brook Haven
Rev.d Nathan Woodhull, Huntington
Rev.d Benjn Gooldſmith. Aukuppog
Mr Zech. Green Cauchug
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Albertson, William
Schermerhorn, John
Spencer, Jabez
Brockway, Nathan
Wheeler, Samuel
Gardner, Joshua
Shelden, Ezekiel
Price, Rufus
Sergeant, Jr., John

John Sergeant Jr., like his father, served as a minister in Stockbridge, MA. In 1773, Stephen West, the minister to the Stockbridge Indians since 1757, decided to leave his post and turned over ministering duties to John Sergeant Jr. Stockbridge, MA, which John Sergeant Sr. helped establish, failed as a Christian Indian town when the Stockbridge Indians lost ownership of their land. When the Oneida Tribe offered the Stockbridgers land in central New York after the American Revolution, many of them moved to the Brothertown and New Stockbridge settlements. The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge funded Sergeant Jr. in 1787 to continue serving as a minister to the Stockbridge Indians who moved to New York. Sergeant travelled from Stockbridge, MA, to New Stockbridge every year to serve as their minister. In 1788, the Stockbridge Indians at New Stockbridge were divided in their support for Occom or John Sergeant as the town’s minister. Mohican sachem Hendrick Aupaumut led the community members who favored Occom. According to Sergeant, 30 members of the Tribe were in favor of Occom while 50 were in favor of him (later, half of Occom’s supporters defected to Sergeant). The relationship between Sergeant and Occom was contentious, with Occom disliking Sergeant’s manner of preaching. Occom moved to Munhegunnack or New Stockbridge in 1791 and suggests in a letter that many of Sergeant’s supporters were shifting support to Occom. In his sermons, Sergeant blamed the Indians’ loss of land on what he described as their drunkenness and idleness. He suggested that the whites’ encroachment on their lands was God’s punishment for their sins. Sergeant remained the New Stockbridge minister until his death in 1824.

Yoke, Jehoiakim

Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is likely a Stockbridge Indian who enlisted with colonial forces during the American Revolution. Yoke rose through the ranks to become the Captain of a company of Indian rangers. It appears that he primarily fought on the war's western front, often against Native Americans loyal to Great Britain, and was a part of the infamous Sullivan Expedition. In response to a number of successful raids by Native allies of the British, George Washington tasked General John Sullivan with destroying Indian villages and decimating Indian food supplies in western New York. By the end of the expedition, General Sullivan’s army had destroyed more than 40 villages. A Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is mentioned in the Revolutionary War writing of David Freemoyer. In Freemoyer’s account, Captain Yoke and Freemoyer’s men were involved in conflicts with Native American troops under the command of the Mohawk leader (and Moor's alumnus) Joseph Brant. In his Revolutionary War journal, Chaplain William Rogers refers to a Captain Jehoiakim, an Indian from Stockbridge. In his entries from June of 1779, Rogers describes an incident where Native allies of the British attempted to reconnoiter the Colonial encampment but were driven away. This Captain Jehoiakim and two other Stockbridge Indians pursued the Native Americans but were unsuccessful in capturing them. William DeLoss Love writes about a Timothy Yokens, who became a captain of a company of Indian rangers. Given the similar descriptions of this Stockbridge Indian captain, it seems that the sources may be referring to the same man, with whom Occom lodged several times in 1786.

Eno, Samuel
Adams, Olive (née Occom)

Olive was the fourth child and third daughter born to Mary Fowler Occom and Samsom Occom during their residence in Montauk on Long Island, where Occom served as minister and schoolteacher to the Montaukett Indians. She would have moved with the family back to Mohegan in Connecticut in 1763, but little else is known about her life. From a letter Occom wrote to Joseph Johnson on April 14, 1775 (manuscript 775264), we know that Olive married Solomon Adams, a Farmington Indian. Love reports that they had three children, that Solomon died around 1783, and that Olive lived on her husband's land in Farmington. However, Occom records in his journal for 1786 visiting Olive on his preaching and fundraising tours of New England to raise money for the Brothertown project, and she is living between Old Windsor and Bolton, CT, a location northwest of Farmington and on the other side of Hartford. The following year, Occom twice mentions in his journal "Olive's affair," that he "searched into" it "and Say Writings about it to my Satisfaction," and then "left" it with a Mr. Wadsworth (manuscript 787660.1). Love notes that Olive emigrated to Brotherton, and that her children sold the family plot at Farmington in 1801. J. Brooks speculates that the "affair" Occom negotiated for his daughter probably concerned the disposition of Olive's husband's Farmington lot.

Colton, George
Occom, Benoni

Benoni Occom (also known as Benjamin, Noney, and Nony) was Samson Occom and Mary Fowler’s seventh child and second son. Like Aaron Occom (Benoni’s elder brother, who died in 1771 after a wild young adulthood), Benoni did not live up to his parents’ standards for behavior. Unlike Aaron, he was not sent to Moor’s Indian Charity School; the difference may reflect Samson and Mary’s declining opinion of Eleazar Wheelock. Benoni’s behavior led Samson and Mary to kick him out of the house in July 1780, but the family had reconciled by 1788 (perhaps following 1787 rumors that Benoni had been hanged in Boston for murder). Although Benoni remained at Mohegan instead of moving to Brothertown, later letters from Occom to Benoni suggest that they were close and that Benoni visited his parents frequently. Later in life, Benoni was active in attempts to define Mohegan identity by petitioning to exclude anyone of African descent from tribal membership. His petition in this affair might indicate broader political involvement in tribal matters.

Occom, Mary (née Fowler)

Mary Occom (née Fowler) was a Montaukett woman who married Samson Occom. Although information about her is limited and often comes from male, Anglo-American sources, it offers a tantalizing glimpse of her strength, as well as an alternative to the Eleazar Wheelock-centered narrative of Occom’s life that often dominates the latter’s biography. Mary was born into the influential Fowler family at Montauk, Long Island. She met Samson during his missionary service there (1749-1761). Mary studied at Samson’s school along with her brothers David and Jacob, and was almost certainly literate. She and Samson married in 1751. Wheelock and several other Anglo-American powers opposed their union because they worried it might distract Occom from being a missionary (as, indeed, family life did), and thus many scholars have read in Samson and Mary’s marriage an act of resistance against Samson’s domineering former teacher. Little information about the minutiae of Mary’s life survives, but existing sources speak volumes about her character and priorities. In front of Anglo-American missionaries visiting the Occoms' English-style house at Mohegan, Mary would insist on wearing Montaukett garb and, when Samson spoke to her in English, she would only reply in Montaukett, despite the fact that she was fluent in English. Mary Occom was, in many ways, Wheelock’s worst fear: that his carefully groomed male students would marry un-Anglicized Indian women. It is not a stretch to imagine that Mary provided much of the incentive for Wheelock to begin taking Indian girls into his school, lest his other protégés replicate Samson’s choice. Much of our information about Mary comes from between 1765 and 1768, when Samson was fundraising in Great Britain. Despite promising to care for Samson’s wife and family (at the time they had seven children), Wheelock, by every objective measure, failed to do so, and Mary’s complaints are well documented. Hilary Wyss reads in Wheelock’s neglect (and in letters from the time) a more sinister story, and concludes that on some level Wheelock was holding Samson’s family hostage, in return for Occom curtailing his political beliefs on the Mason Case. Wyss also notes Mary’s remarkable survivance in this situation. Mary drew on various modes of contact, from letters to verbal communication with influential women (including Sarah Whitaker, the wife of Samson’s traveling companion, and Wheelock’s own daughters), to shame Wheelock into action and demand what she needed. One of the major struggles in Mary’s life, and in Samson’s, was with their sons. Both Aaron and Benoni failed to live up to their parents’ expectations. Aaron attended, and left, Moor’s Indian Charity School three times, and both Aaron and Benoni struggled with alcohol and refused to settle down. The Occom daughters did not cause similar problems. Given the nature of existing sources, little is known about Mary after Samson and Wheelock lessened their communication in 1771. Joanna Brooks has conjectured that Mary was likely influential in Samson’s Mohegan community involvement later in life, for instance, in his continued ministry to Mohegan and, perhaps, his increasingly vehement rejection of Anglo-American colonial practices.

Quaquaquid, Henry

Henry Quaquaquid was a Mohegan Indian who was active in both political and religious tribal affairs. In 1742 he, as a counselor, signed a petition that declared John Uncas as the rightful successor of Sachem Mahomet; however, the following year Quaquaquid, along with Occom and nine other counselors, signed Ben Uncas’s counter proclamation. As supporters of Ben Uncas, Occom and Quaquaquid lived in Ben’s Town rather than John’s Town, the home of the Ashpos. Nonetheless, they eventually changed their minds and joined the Ashpos in an effort to counteract tribal corruption and disunion. Around 1760, Ben Uncas III claimed that the rival faction had established Quaquaquid as sachem. Quaquaquid was also involved in the Mason case and acted as a messenger. He sought to protect the Mohegans’ native rights, and in 1785 signed a petition, along with Occom and four others, to the Connecticut General Assembly asking for unrestricted fishing privileges. In 1789, Quaquaquid and Robert Ashpo appealed to the Connecticut Assembly again seeking aid, and as in the original petition, stressed their friendship. Additionally, Quaquaquid often accompanied Occom during his missionary tours, such as those of 1757 and 1785. He also acted as a deacon, possibly at a church that Occom established in Mohegan. Quaquaquid did not move to Brothertown, but remained in Mohegan with his family.

Latham, Robert

Captain Robert Latham was part of the large, ferry-man and ship-building Latham families of Groton and New London, Connecticut, several of whom Occom mentions in his journals. Robert's father was Daniel Latham, born April 16, 1719 in New London and his mother was Elizabeth. He was the youngest of five. After that, there is no more information about Captain Robert Latham except what we learn from Occom's journals for 1784-89. In his itinerant preaching in the area, Occom held meetings at Captain Latham's house, lodged, dined with and called on Latham and his wife several times, and used his Christian cards for exercises with them, describing them as a "very agreeable and discreet couple." The Captain must have been fond of Occom, because he sent a present of tea to Occom's wife in 1784. Going back and forth between Groton and New London in southern Connecticut required a ferry across the Thames River. Robert was likely a descendant of the first ferryman in this area, Cary Latham, who appears in the record during the 1680s. His successors, William and Thomas Latham, operated a shipyard in Groton where they built and launched ships. In 1807, this became the Latham Brothers company. It is not clear if Robert's title refers to his seafaring or military service. Although there is no mention of a Robert Latham in the records, members of the extended Latham family from Groton served with distinction and were captured, wounded, or killed in the Revolutionary War, participating in the Battle of Groton Heights and the storming of Fort Griswold.

Saunders, Giddeon
Babcock, Abel

Mrs. Latham was the wife of Captain Robert Latham, who was part of the extensive Latham family in Groton and New London, Connecticut. She lived in Groton with her husband, who was a friend and supporter of Occom. We know from Occom's journals for 1784-89 that he held meetings at the Lathams' house, lodged, dined with and called on the Lathams on several occasions as he crossed back and forth from Groton to New London on the ferry, which was likely operated by a descendant of Cary Latham, the first ferryman there in the 1680s. Occom notes several intriguing facts about Mrs. Latham: that she "looks quite young," which suggests she was Captain Latham's second wife, that they have no children, and that on occasion -- for example, after William Avery's funeral in January 1786 -- he calls on her specifically .

Lester, Eliphalet
Jewett, Eleizer

Unidentified Smith.

Spicer, Silas
Williams, John
Avery, T.
Williams, Isaac
Smith, Joseph
Brewster, Dyer
Sunsummon, Jo
Raymond, John
Smith, Ebenezer Jr.
Brown, John
Avery, Asa
Booth, William
Ledyard, John
Buell, Samuel

Buell was a popular Presbyterian minister during the second half of the 18th century in Long Island, as well as a close friend of Samson Occom. He was ordained in November 1743, and was a popular itinerant minister before settling at Easthampton. He preached at Occom's ordination, published the sermon in 1761 to raise funds for Occom (he also wrote the letter addressed to Bostwick prefacing his publication), and stayed in close contact with Occom even after Occom's public break from Wheelock. Occom's diary is full of references to visiting Buell and to their close friendship. During the Revolution, Buell was the only minister on Long Island for 40 miles, and was very active in assisting the American cause. He also founded Clinton Academy on Long Island in 1785, which was the first private school chartered by the New York Board of Regents. This academy was also remarkable in that it admitted women. Multiple historical sources have misconstrued Samuel Buell as Sol or Solomon Buell, likely because Buell sometimes signed his name Sa.l, a creative abbreviation of Samuel. However, there was no Reverend Solomon Buell in Easthampton, or, it seems, Long Island, in the second half of the 18th century: Samuel had no brothers, and were there to be two Reverend S. Buell's within 10 miles of one another during the same period, related or not, doubtlessly someone would have commented on it. In addition, the handwriting in letters ascribed to "Sol" and those assigned to Samuel is identical. Lastly, the only source besides collection manuscript 765530.3 describing a "Solomon Buell" is an anthology of letters from the Revolution, which contain letters from a Rev. Sol. Buell, or S. Buell, about aiding the American cause. These letters correspond well with descriptions of Samuel's life in an 1809 biography of his life, and, as he was the only Reverend but one for 40 miles during the Revolution, it is likely that these letters belong to him.

Woodhull, Nathan
Goldsmith, Benjamin
Green, Zechariah
HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1786 December 11 to 1787 April 7
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