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Samson Occom, journal, 1785 December 15 to 1786 January 22

ms-number: 785665

abstract: Occom details his travels throughout Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and Massachusetts as he preaches among Native, Dutch, and African-American communities.

handwriting: Handwriting is largely clear and legible. The journal is minimally overwritten by an editor, likely 19th-century; these edits have not been transcribed. There are some uncrossed t's and crossed uprights that the transcriber has corrected.

paper: Several small sheets folded together and sewn into a booklet are in good condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear. There is some repair work done on particularly worn edges.

ink: Dark brown.

noteworthy: This journal picks up where manuscript 785655 leaves off. On four recto, it is uncertain to which lake Occom refers; however, it is possbily Saratoga Lake. On four verso, the identity of the "Honorable Congress" is uncertain, although it is possibly the New York State legislature. On 11 recto, the identity of the Captain's son is uncertain, and so he has been left untagged. On 14 recto, Occom uses the modern spelling of the word “boss,” which may predate OED's earliest citation by 25 years. On 24 verso, the name “John Shuneman” is written in a hand other than Occom's. When the spelling of a name or place name is illegible, the entity has been left untagged.

I went home with Mr Seeley
and in the evening a n[illegible]um
ber of People Came in to
Exerciſe with my notes
and it was very agreable
Meeting, Lodged here, —

Thirdsday Decr 15:

10: O: c Sot of for a nother meet
ing a bout 2 miles to Mr
and there was a
Small number of People
and I Spoke to them from
[gap: omitted] — juſt before
meeting I was Calld by
a man from 5000 Aires
to mary a Cupple this even
ing, — and So as Soon as
the meeting was over

[gap: worn_edge][guess: I] Sot of, and [illegible] got there
after Sun Sit and I Sot a
lettle while at Mr Northrops
and then went to the Houſe
of wedding, and married
a Cupple and Soon after
marriage I went with home
with Mr Benjamin and his
wife and there I Lodged —

Fryday Decr 16.

Soon after
Breakfaſt, I went of to P[illegible][guess: ee]ſsley
got there. about 12: and in
a bout an Hour we began
the meeting, and there was
a Conſiderable number of
People Chiefly Scotch People
and I Spoke from Isaiah 16 5.5
and the People were great[gap: worn_edge][guess: ly]
bowd before the word, an[gap: tear][guess: d]
the Lord, I believe gave me
Some Senſe of his word,

as Soon as the meeting was
over I went of to ball Town
got to Mr L[illegible][guess: ac]ys a bout Sun
down, and it was Rainy, yet
a Number of People Came to
gether, and we had agreable
Exerciſe with my Notes, Sot up
late, and Lodge at the Same
Houſe, and was kindly en
tertain'd. —

Saturday Decr 17:

in the
morning went to Mr Jeremiah
and took breakfaſt
with them, and Soon after
eating I went of, Calld a while
at Mr Benjamins, and from
there went to Mr Cundys a
Ducthman, and was extream
ly well received, Stayd the
reſt of the Day and the night
enſuing, — and we had
very agreable Exerceſe with

my Notes — —

Sabb Decr 18

Soon after
Breakfaſt Mr Cundy and
I went to Gallaway to meet
ing with the Scotch People
we got there a bout 12: and
there was a great Number of
People, Chiefly Scotch People, and
I began the meeting Soon after
I got there, — I Spoke from Eph V: 14
and I much freedom; and there
was very deep and Solemn atten
tion, many were greatly affected,
after Service, I took Dinner with
the Family where the meeting, the
mans Name was Mr Mc kinſley
Soon after Dinner, I returnd
to 5000 A[illegible][guess: cr]es, I went alone, I got
to Mr Moorhouſe's before Sun
Sit, and Stopt there for the night
and was affectionately receivd —
in the Evening a number of

Young People and Some others
Came together, to have Exerciſes
with my Notes, and it was
a it was a Comfortable meet
ing, the Company broke up
about 10, and after that we
Sot up Some Time, and we
went to Bed quietly — —

Monday Decr 19:

got very
Early, and got my Mare Shod
and after Breakfaſt, I took
good leave of the Family, and
Sot of to take leave of my other
Friends as Soon as Coud, for
a y[illegible]oung Came for me this
morning, to go to north part
of Balls Town 8. or 9. miles
from this Place, got a way
from my Friends about 12
and So went on as faſt as
I Coud, Calld at Mr Seeley's
and took Dinner there, and

So went directly on again
got to the Place a 2, and Mar
ried a Cupple of Engliſh, their
Names were, Sanford White &
Hannah Hide — I the evening
I went to another Houſe one Mr
and there we had a meet
ing, and there was a goodly
Number of People, and it was
a refreſhing meeting, many
I believe felt the Power of the
Word, I Spoke from Luke XVIII 41
after I had diſmiſt them, a num
ber Stay'd, and deſird to have
Exerciſe with my Notes, and
there was great Solemnity a
mongſt them, many were
Deeply affected, there was a
flow Tears, from many Eyes
it was late before we break
up, and I went to bed once
more in Peace, thanks be
to God —

Tueſday Decr 20:

got up very
Early and had my Horſe got
for me, and went one Mr
a few Rods and there
took Breakfaſt, after Break
faſt took my notes, handed out
to 3: or 4: Children, and then
I Sot [illegible]of for Eaſtward, got to
Mr Weeds about 12: took din
ner with them, and Soon after
Dinner went on again one
Mr Naſh Conducted me over
the North End of the Lake —
and Mr Naſh deſired me to
go home with him and to
have a meeting in the eveng
at his Houſe or Some other
and I Conſented and we had
a meeting, and there was
great Number of People &
I Spoke from, Hebak 1.13 To what
purpoſs &c — Lodgd at Mr Naſhs

Wedneſday Decr 21.

was up
early, and got ready to go a
way, And Mr Naſh had a
notion of Exchanging mares
with me, and I Conſiderd of
it a little while, and Conclud
ed to Swap with him, and
he took off my Saddle put it
the other, I gave him 2 Dollars
and an half, and I So I went
on to Mr Beldens and took Brea[illegible][guess: k]
and Soon after Breakefaſt I
went on again; I Juſt now
heard Brother David, had good
Luck in Selling his Roots, &
had Success with the Hono^ble
Congreeſs, in his memorial
for help; — I got to Capt Bel[illegible]
den's a little while before
[illegible]Night, found them all well

and was kindly receivd by
them, — took Dinner at Mr
, — In the Evening I
went to Mr gregorys to meeting
and there was a large num
ber of People, tho it was exceed
ing bad Traviling both on
horſe back and foot. I Spoke
from Isaiah 1: to what purpoſ
and I think I had Some Senſe
of Divine things the Powd by
the Word, — Lodgd at mr gre

Thirdsday Decr 22:

Breakfaſt Some Time I went
to Capt Bel Dunnigs Stay till
after Dinner, and then took
leave of the Family, and
Sot of for New Town, Capt
went with me a
bout 2: and half miles, and

and then a kind Ducth
man [illegible]Conducted me, till he
got me to a plain way, and
I got to Mr Taillar, and was
enquiring where the People
meet together to worſhip and
he Said they had no meeting
and he found me out at laſt
that I was a Preacher, and
deſired meto light, and I
did, he was very kind to me
and to my mare, and Lodgd
there, — Reſted very Comfort
ably —

Fryday Decr 23:

got me
up [illegible] Some Time before Day
and made me up a fire, &
Sot down by it, — and here
I Stayd till Some Time in the
after noon, and then I went
to StillWaters, got to Mr

Bakers before Sun Set, and in
the Evening a number of People
Came in and Mr Marſh a Pre
cher amongſt this People Came
in alſo, and we had Converſa
tion Some was not So agreable
before we broke up we had
Some Exerciſe with my notes
[illegible]and it was late before, we had
done, Lodgd here, —

Saturday Decr 24:

noon I went to See Mr Camp[illegible][guess: el]
and took dinner with them,
Soon after Dinner, I went
of to go back to New Town,
Calld at Mr Andruſss, but
he was not at Home, and I
went on, Stopt at [illegible]old Mr Millers
and there I Taried all night
and was kindly entertaind
went to bed pretty ear[illegible]ly —

Sabb Decr 25:

got up Some
Time before Break of Day
and the Family got up too
and they got Breakfaſt Soon
and a little after Sun riſe
we were getting ready to go
to meeting, — and Mr Tayler
and I went of Soon, and to
his Suns good while before
meeting, about 11: the People
began to flock in faſt, and
about 12 we began the Ex
erciſe, and there was a pro
digious Number of People
Collected together, and I Spoke
from Lucke 11.10: and there
was very great attention —
and in the Evening we had a
nother meeting, and there was
a large number of People, tho'

it was a Dreadful Storm of
Snow, and wind belew wvery
high, and the Snow flew and
it was Cold, — I Spoke from
the words — but one thing &c Luke
and there was very good atten
tion again, — went to Bed
Soon this evening and had
a Comfortable reſt, —

Monday Decr 26:

SDid not
get up Soon — [illegible]Some Time
after Breakfaſt, I Sot of for
Still water, and it was very
CCold, got there before noon
Call at Mr Andruſss and Sot
a little while, and went of
and Calld at Mr Bakers, and
they all inſiſted I Shoud and
preach, and finally I Con
cented, Dind with Mrs Norton
and her Daughter Loiſs

Directly after Dinner went
to Mr Campels and Preachd
there to a Small Number of
People — Spoke from XV I kings
and 14, and there was good
attendence, Soon after meet
ing, I went of in order to go
over the River, two men went
with me, but I Coud not get
over, there was too much Ice
and So I turnd my Courſe [illegible][guess: &]
went up to Mr Powerss a bap
tiſt miniſter, got there a little
after Sun Sit, and put up
there, he and his wife receivd
me very kindly —

Tueſday Decr 27

Wat at
Mr Powerss all Day, and
it was extream Cold; in the
evening, went to meeting a
mongſt Mr Powerss People &
there was quite great many

People for the Cold Seaſon
I Spoke from Psalm 125.1
and the People Seem to be in
deferent in their attention, their
Bodies were Cold and I believe
Hearts too, — after meeting went
back with Elder Powers and
Lodged there again, —

Wedneſday Decr 28:

Time after Breakfaſt, I went
to Mr Kalleys meating Houſe
to preach, got there about
12 Mr Powers went with me
went into an Houſe Juſt by
the meeting, was there a few
minutes and Mr Kalley Came
in with his Wife, and it was
So Cold they Concluded to meet
in a Dwelling Houſe, and
we went directy, and there
was not great many People
I Spoke from I Croni. 29:
and there was good attention

Some were affected, Soon after
meeting I went to about 2 M[illegible]
further to preach amongſt Mr
People; one Mrs Ireiſh
Caried me in her Slay, got to
the Houſe Juſt before Sun Sit
a bout Candle[illegible: [guess: l]] Lighting went to
meeting in a School Houſe Juſt
by, and there was a Croud of
People, and I Spoke from
Luke Lord teach us to pray
Lodgd this night at Mr Ireſhs
and Sot up late, Mrs Ireiſh &
I had very agreable Converſation
after the reſt went to bed, after
a while I went to bed Quietly,
and had a Comfortable reſt —

Thirdsday Decr 29

got up very
early, and went of, Stopt a [illegible]few
minutes at Mr Chatcham's and
So paſt on, and Stopt at Mr Kal
and took Breakfaſt [illegible]there
and Soon after Mr Chatcham

Came along, and I got up on
Horſe, and went along with him
and we Stopt at Mr Powerss and
got my things, and took my
good leave of him and his wife
and went on again, and Mr
and parted n[illegible]ear
the River, I went up the river
a little ways and Croſst the River
and went on, and Came to an
Houſe of one Capt Wright, and
he deſired to go into his Houſe &
I did, and took Dinner with him
and he deſired me to have meet
ing at his Houſe, the Sabbath
following, and I Concented, — and
So I past on Seeking after my
Daughter, went to old Mr Begles
and there they told me they were
gone towards the River, and So I
turnd right about, and went
on and I Calld at Haukins
and there I was told, they livd
about a mile & a Quarter,

got there about Sun Sit, and
found them all well; thanks
be to Heaven for his goodneſs to
me and to my Daughter,
Lodgd here, once more —

Fryday Decr 30:

it was a
Snowy Day and very Cold
Stayd till about 11: and then
I went of to go to meeting, but
I Coud not get a Horse to ride
to Mr Haukinss for my mare
was there, and I So I got a
young man to go for my Horſe
and he Came back Soon, and So
I went of, and Calld on Mr
, and it Snowd very
hard, and they Sayd it was
moſt Night, and they perſwaded
me to Stopt and not to go on
and I Complyd, and Stay
there all Night and they
treated me with all kindneſs
the woman I had knowledge of

when She was a little girl,
they have Six Children four
Boys and two girls, and they
agreable, Spent the evening
with them very agreable had
Some Exerciſes with my Notes
after a while went to bed —

Saturday Decr 31:

Some Time
after Breakfaſt, I took leave
of the Family, and went on
to the River got over on the
I[illegible]ce a bout 11, Call on Mr
, and took Dinner
there, after Dinner took
leave of them, and went [illegible]
down the River, Calld on Mr
a few minutes &
So paſt on, and Calld on
Mr Bacon and there I
Stop for the Night and was
kindly entertaind —

Sabb Janr 1. 1786,

got me up
Some what Early, and took
Breakfaſt, and Soon after
after Eating, had my Mare
got up, and I took leave of
the Family, and went over
the River to Capt Write's, and
about 11 the People Came faſt
and at 12 we began the meet
ing, and there was Conſiderable
Number of People, and I Spoke
from Gene [gap: omitted] How old &c
after meeting was at Capt Writes
and intended to Stay all Night
but preſently after Sun Sit a
Cupple of Young Came to Capt
, and Deſired me to go with
them, and I went, and Exerciſes
with my Notes with the Family
and Sot up late but at laſt
I went to bed, —

Monday, Janr 2:

got up early
and went back to Capt Writes

Mr L[illegible][guess: w]is Williams Carried me
part of the way to the Capts and
I got there a bout 8. and was
geting to go on my way towards
Pitts Town, — and I was Saying
if any one to help towards up
per part of Saratoga, I woud go
and Capt Wright Said he woud
Continue to Carry me, and So I Con
cluded to go, and about 10.o.C.
[illegible]one of Capts's Sons got up a
Slay, and we Sot of, and we got
to good old Deacon Hewits a
bout 1: and there I Stopt, and
they Concluded to have a meet
ing in the Evening, and Mr
went back — Deacon
was not at Home, but his
was at Home with whom he
lives — in the evening a number
of People got together, and I Spoke
to them from Jerem III.39.40 and
the People were exceedingly atten

tive and Solemn — went to
bed [illegible] Soon, and had a quiet
Sleep once more the Lord be
Praiſed — Lord enable me to
live this year as if I knew it
was the laſt, that I may live
to thee in all things that I may
Conſecret my all unto Thee —

Tueſday Janr 3:

got up very
early, and took Breakfaſt
with Mr Richard Hewet and
a bout 10 Mr Hewet took me
in his Slay, and we wint on
towards the North River, got
to the River about half after
11 and we were afraid to go
over the Slay on the Ice, and
I went over a foot, went to one
Mr Riders and tryed to hire
Horſe, but I Coud not get
any, and So Mr Hewet went
back over the River, to fetch
his Horſes, and he Soon got

back, and I got on upon
one of them and we went
onto Boughten [illegible]Kill, and
we Stopt at a Houſe, to enqure
of the way, and there we met
with one Mr Lake, he had
a Slay goining directly to
the place where I was going
and he was So kind as to
take me in his Slay, and
Mr Hewet went back, and
I went on, and we got to Mr
paſt middle of the
after noon, but there was
no Body at Home, and we
went to old Mr Foſters, and
there I Stayd, there I took
Dinner, Mrs Tanner was
there, Mr Foſter and his
wife are old People, about
Sun Sit I went back to Mr
, and meeting was

appointed here, and the People
began to Come in Soon, and
Mr Tanner got home after Sun
Set, and we Soon began the
Exerciſe, there was but few
People, and I Spoke to them
from John 9: [gap: omitted] Soon after
meeting I went to bed —

Wedneſday Janr 4:

got up
early, and was at the Houſe
till near 9, then Mr Tanner's
Son Thomas Carried me in
a Slay to meeting, at the Houſe
of Mr Forſter Mrs Tanner
and old Mrs Foſter were in the
Slay alſo, b got to the Houſe a
bout 10 and there was a
great gathering of People
I began ab 1 in the after
noon, and there was a
Solemn attention, many were
greatly affected, — Soon after

I went with Mr Roſe and
his Wife in his Slay, and
took Some Victuals with them
and Soon after eating we
went to meeting again, we
met at Mr Kinnion's, and
there was a goodly number
of People, and I believe the
Lord was preſent with us
and I believe the Night will
not be forgot Soon, after mg
I went back with Mr Roſe
in his Slay, this Mr Roſe Came
from Block-Island, I was well
aqainted with his Brother
William, — I lodged here —

Thirdsday Janr 5:

got up
very early, and they got
Breakfaſt directly, and
a bout 9 Mr Kinnion Came
to Mr Roſes to go with us &
we Sot of Soon, in a Slay

and went back to Saratoga
got to generals Seat about
11: and we paſt on to Fiſh Creek
got to Mr Hewets a bout 12: &
we Stayd a little while, and
we returnd back to General
Seat, got there about
2: S the men that brought
Stayd a while, and then went
of and I Stayd at Mr Tomſons
in one of generals Schiliers
Houſes, and had a meeting
there in the evening, but
there was a Small Compa
ny, and they attended well
[illegible]they were Chiefly Dutch
People, and they attended
well, — after meeting Some
Time I had Exerciſes with
my Notes, in the Family,
and it was a Solemn

Time, the poor Negroes
were Surprizd with the
Texts they Choſe, Some
Time in the Evening I
went to bed quietly and
had a Comfortable reſt —

Fryday Janr 6

we got
up very early, got Break
Soon, and a little after Sun
riſe, a Slay and Horſes were
ready to Carry me down towards
the Still Water, and, the generls
orderd one of the genls
Negroes to Carry me, Boſs
in Engliſh is Overſeers,
we had a fine Span of [illegible]Horſes
we got to Mr Williams, in
about an Hour, 6 miles &
half, the Negroe return
right back, and I Stayd
a little while, and I took
my Skonk mare, and Sot

of after takeng good leave
leave of Mr Williams and
his Family, and went on
towards Pitts Town, Stopt a
whele at Capt Wrights and
Mrs Wright, woud get me
Dinner, and as Soon as I
had done eating, I went on
again, traveld thro Woods
the bigeſt part of the way[illegible],
towards Night, I miſt my
way, and was obliged to go
back, about half a mile
and Call at an Houſe, the
man was a Black Smith
his Name is [gap: omitted]
and they were quite will
ing to let me Stay, and
the man and I lodgd toge
ther, and I had quite a
Comfortable Nights Reſt
Saturday Morning got up
very early, and my mare
was got up and I went on
before Sun riſe, and I got
to one Colol Tomſon's about
8:, and he knew me, and re
ceived kindly, and took B
there, and was there Some
Time after eating, I took
my old mare, and went to
Mr John Lambs. and was
kindly received, and there
I Stayd and Lodged there
and found the Cupple very
agreable, both of them are
Chriſtians, I belive in Truth
they are youngerly Cupple
they are of the Baptiſts

Sabb Janr 8

Some Time
a bout 10 we went to meet
ing at the Houſe of one
Mr [gap: omitted]

a bout 11: we went to meetg
and the People began to
gather thick, a bout 12 we
be gan the Divine execiſe
and there was a great Numr
of People, one half Could not
Come into the Houſe, and
I was obligd to Stand at the
Door, and it was Cold, and
I Spoke from Eph. V 14:
and the People attended with
great attention, and many
were deeply affected and
there were flow of [illegible] Tears
and I believe they will
not forget the Day very
Soon, — Soon after meeting
I went home with Colo
in his Slay. Mr
and his wife went
with us he is an old Bapts

elder, took Dinner with
them, in the evening we
had a Meeting again and
there was a great Number
of People again, many[illegible]
[illegible][illegible: [guess: full]] of People were obligd
to go back becauſe there
no Room for them in the
Houſe, and it was Cold, &
there was great attention
a gain, [illegible]Lo[illegible]dged at the
Colo and was extreamly
kindly entertaind, the Colo
and his Lady are very a
greable Cupple —

Monday Janr 9:

after Break
I Sot of and went to See a
Young man that was Sick
and found him quite poorly
and was under deep Concern
for his poor Soul, gave him
Some Concel and prayd
with him, and then went

towards the Eaſt, Betsy Hinkly
a Young Woman went with
me, and we got to Mr Bigalos
about 12. where the meeting
was to be — People began
to Collect Soon, and there
was not a great many
People, and I Spoke to
them from Luke VII 23:
and the People were very
much affected many of them
Juſt before the Exerciſe was
over a Cupple of Young
men Came on purpoſe to
invit to go with them, to the
diſtance of 7: miles, and I
was at a Stand Some Time
what to Say to them, finally
Concluded to go with them, &
took Dinner and Soon after
went of with them in their
Slay and one of them Rode

my Mare, and it was about
Sun Sit when we Sot of and
was extreemly bay way
and it Cold, we got to the
Place Calld Hooſuck, put
up in the Houſe of one Mr
, and there Lodged
and was well receivd —

Tueſday Janr 10:

a bout 12
the People Collected fast, and
1: we began the worſhip &
there was a great number
of People, and I Spoke to them
from Matt IV: 10 and I believe
many felt the Power of the word
Soon after meeting, I went
of with Mr Reed, and his
, his wife ^ in their Slay was from
New London North pariſh
where I was brought up
took Dinner ^ with them and directly

after Dinner we went to meet
ing again, about 2. miles
off, and there was a great
number of People again
at was at the Houſe one Mr
, and I Preach to them
from Matt XI: 28, and there
was an affectionate attention
there was a Shower Tears,
the meeting was apointed
here on account of the woman
that was goining to meeting
Yeſterday to hear me, and
She was Taken with a Fit
of Apoplexy a bout half a
mile from her Houſe, and
was taken up Speechleſs, but
She is now better, Can Speak
but not very plain and
[illegible] She is Numb one Side
but She Can walk Some —
Soon after meeting I went

with Mr Reed in their
Slay and Lodgd at their
Houſe, and was affectionately
entertaind —

Wedneſday Janr 11

got up
early and took Breakfaſt
and a while after my
mare was brought, and I
took leave of the Family and
Sot of and had not gone more
than 60 rods before I met a
Slay from St Co[illegible] to fetch
me, and I got of my mare
and in the Slay and went
on faſt, it was about 8 m
we had to go, and got to the
Place about 12 I put up
Mr Lathems, and about 1
in the after noon we went
to meeting, — and there was
a Prodigious number of

People, and I Spoke from
Isaaih [illegible][guess: IX] 6: and there was
very great and Solemn at
tention, many were much
affected, — after meeting
went back to Mr Lathems
in the Evening went to m–
again and there was a
Number of People, and I
Spoke to them from Prov 5 10
and there was great attenn
again, after meeting I
went with Mr [gap: omitted] Stopt at Docr
to See his Wife, She was Sick
and they deſired me to Stay
and Concluded to Stay, Sot
up very late, and went to
Bed about 11: had un-
comfortable Night it was
very Cold lay Cold,

Thidsday [below]Janr 12

up Some Time before

Day and Sot up by the
fire, and the Docrs wife
got up and Sot up ad and
Deſired me to Sit by her
and I did, and She gave me
a [illegible]Relation of her Experien
ces, and they were Some what
weak but a peared luke the
goſpel, and I think had
good affect upon her, Soon
after Day, I went a way
Stopt at the Houſe where we
meets, and Soon after I got
in a man Came in, and deſird
me to go[illegible] back a little way
to See a woman, that was put
to bed laſt Night, in Child
Birth, and I went, they
were Dutch Folks, I prayd
with them, and then went
back to mr Lathems, and
there a litle, and then

I expected a Company, but
they did not Come, So I Sot of
for Little White Creek, got to
the Place about 12: went into
an old Dutch man's Houſe
and he appeard very friendly
and took Care of my Mare
and the People began to ga
ther preſently, and about
1 I went to the meeting Houſe, it
is a Log meeting Houſe, where
one Elder Wait Preaches,
and [illegible]there was a Multitude
of People, I began the meet
ing Soon after I got in, the
People Coud not all get in
I Spoke from Rom VIII 13: and
I believe the People felt the
Power of the word of god, for
there was a flood of Tears —
Soon after meeting, I got
up on my Mare and went
on to [illegible]wards Mr Cro[illegible]ſss, Mr

Downer a Baptiſt Preacher
went with me, and we Stopt
at Mr Dakes, Mr Edward
Brother formerly a
Schoolmaſter at Charles
among the Indians
here we took Dinner, Soon af
ter Eating we went on again
got to Mr Croſss about Sun Sit
and the People began to gathe
directly, and we began the
meeting, and there was a
vaſt number of People &,
I Spoke to them from James IV: 17
and the People we greatly
bowd with the word, — Lodgd
here, Mr Croſs is believe a
Sincere Chriſtian, he gave
me an account of his Experi
ences and Exerciſes, Some
in the Evening I went to bed
once more quietly, and had
Comfortable Reſt, —

Fryday Janr 13:

Roſe early
and, and we had Prayers and
after that Breakfaſt Came
on, and Soon after Eating
I Sot of for Sharfburg Mr
[gap: omitted] and his wife
went with me, we Stopt at
Esqr [gap: omitted] from thence we
went to See Mrs Burnhan
She was lately taken with
a fit, and She is very Sick
I prayd with her, and then
went on to the meeting H
got there about 12 Stopt a
while at a Tarvern, about
1 we went to the Houſe of god
and it was Extreem Cold, there
was not a great many People
and I Spoke from Psal. 32:1
after Service went to the Same
Houſe where I Stopt took dinr
and directly after Dinner
I went on towards Benington

Mr Amos Burroughs went
with me a little ways and
we parted, I got to Mr Swifts
a little after Sun Sit, and
was very kindly Receivd &
[illegible]he inſiſted upon it that
Shoud keep Sabbath with
him, and Concluded to Stay,
Loded here, —

Sa[illegible]tud Janr 14:

was at Mthe
Place all Day, towards
Night went to the Printers
and Coming back I Calld
on Mrs Robbinſon an old
Mother in Iſreal, and had
a greable Converſation, a
bout Sun down went back
to Mr Swifts and Lodged
there again —

Sabb Janr 15:

about half
after 10 went into the Houſe

and there was a great
Multitude of People, it is
a large Houſe and it was
well filled, — I Spoke from
Luke XII: 21: and there
was a Serious attention —
in the after noon Spoke from
1 Corin XVI:22: and I believe
the Power of god accompanied
the word there was a great
Shower of Tears, and I
think they will not Soon for
get the Day, — after Service
went to Mr Swifts, took Dinr
and Directly after eating
went on to Pownal, Mr Potter
took me in his Slay, this
Potter went from Rhoad Island
Some Years back
and I have been in his
Houſe before when he

livd weſt of Seabrook
got to his Houſe about Sun
Sit, and was kindly entertad
Slept Quietly. —

Monday Janr 16:

got up
very Early, and about 12
the People began to Collect &
there was a large Congrega
tion, and I Spoke to them from
Roam VIII [gap: omitted] and there was a
good attention of People and
they attend well, but I had not
much freedom — as Soon as the
meeting was over, I went in
a Slay to Esqr Jewets, and
preachd there in the evening,
and there was a great Num
ber of People, and I Spoke
to them from 1 Jon V:10 and
I had but a little Senſe of the
word, yet there was good

attention, — Lodged there, —

Tueſday Janr 17:

went on my
way Soon after Breakfaſt
went thro' Williams Town &
Lainſbourgh, got to Pitts
in the Evening, and
Lodged at Mr Ingaſals a Pub
[illegible] Houſe, and found him &
his wife very agreable —

Wedneſday Janr 18:

Sot of
after Breakfaſt, and it was
Extream Cold, Stopt a little
at Brother David Fowlers in
Richmond, they were all well
in the after Noon Some Time
I paſt on, got to Mr Sajants after
Sun Sit and Lodged there, —

Thirdsday Janr 19,

it was
Some what pleaſant Day

went about 10: Call on Capt
, and they were well,
but moſt of the Indians were
much Scaterd, Sot but a little
while and So paſt on, — got to
Mr Heccocks in Sheffield a
Tarvern, and Lodged there —

Fryday Janr 20:

I Conclud
ed to go with a Cupple of men
to Hills Deals in Noble Town
and they had to go a mile a two
to Iron Works, and they were
gone all Day, about KCan-
dle Lighting, they returned back
to Mr Hecocks and I went there
in their [illegible]Slay and left my
mare at Mr Hecocks, and
it was about 18 miles we
had to go, and Stopt [illegible]Ti[illegible: [guess: ice]]
and we got to the Place at

Mr Jordan's and it was a
bout midnight, and I was
much Fateagued, and went
to Sleep Soon, and had a Com
fortable reſt —

Saturday Janr 21:

was at
Mr Jurdans all Day, Some
Time after Sun Sit Mr Jordan
Carried me in a Slay to Mr
about a mile, and
there I Lodged, and was kind
ly entertaind, he is a Rich
man, and it was a plea‐
ſent evening, and it thawd
all Night, —

Sabb. Janr 22:

about 9
the People Came prety thick
and there was a great num
ber of people Collected toge-
there and I Spoke from

Rom IV 17: and the Peple
attended Solemnly, Soon after
meeting Mr Philip Lott took
me in his Slay and Carried
to a Dutch meeting Houſe
about 5 miles of we got
there, about Sun Sit, and
preſent after we went in
to the[illegible] Houſe of god, and there
was a large number of
People, and Spoke from
Acts 9 [gap: omitted] Soon after m
Mr Lott took me again in
his Slay and went home
with him, and it was
very bad Slaying by this
Time, and there I Lodgd
and was Extreamly wel
receivd, and reſted quiet
ly once more
John [illegible] Schuneman
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Sealy, Jeremiah
White, Sanford
Hide, Hannah

Unidentified Smith.

Fowler, David

David Fowler was Jacob Fowler's older brother, Samson Occom's brother-in-law, and an important leader of the Brothertown Tribe. He came to Moor's in 1759, at age 24, and studied there until 1765. While at school, he accompanied Occom on a mission to the Six Nations in 1761. He was licensed as a school master in the 1765 mass graduation, and immediately went to the Six Nations to keep school, first at Oneida and then at Kanawalohale. Fowler saw himself as very close to Wheelock, but their relationship fragmented over the course of Fowler's mission, primarily because Wheelock wrote back to Kirkland, with whom Fowler clashed, but not to Fowler, and because Wheelock refused to reimburse Fowler for some expenses on his mission (767667.4 provides the details most clearly). Fowler went on to teach school at Montauk, and played a major role in negotiations with the Oneidas for the lands that became Brothertown. He was among the first wave of immigrants to that town, and held several important posts there until his death in 1807.

Norton, Loiss
Williams, Lwis
Hewitt, Walter
Hewitt, Richard
Tanner, Thomas
Rose, William
Schuyler, Philip John
Unknown, the General's boss
Lamb, John
Hinkley, Betsy
Deake, Edward

Edward Deake was an Anglo-American missionary and schoolmaster born in Rhode Island in 1732. After receiving reluctant approval from the Narragansett tribal council for the support of a schoolhouse and schoolmaster on Nov. 26 1765, Reverend Joseph Fish, who had been living among the Narragansetts, hired Edward Deake to serve as schoolmaster to the tribe in Charlestown, Rhode Island. Funded by the New England Company, Deake taught his students to read English, write, and cypher, following the pattern of other missionary schools for Native people in New England. Out of 151 school-aged Narragansetts, 53 students, boys and girls, attended Deake’s school. Deake regularly consulted a council of Indians for input on the best course of action for educating his students. In addition to his 24 pounds per year salary, Deake also received living quarters for himself and his family in the schoolhouse. After Tobias Shattock left for England in 1767, Deake became the main recruiter among the Narragansetts for Wheelock’s school, often corresponding with Wheelock to recommend students. But the Narragansetts, under the leadership of the charismatic Native preacher Samuel Niles, soon became disillusioned with Fish and Deake, distrusting the purpose and motivations of the school and fearing the colonial appropriation of their lands and right to self-government. In 1770, Narragansett leader John Shattock Sr. told Fish that the Narragansetts wanted Deake to leave, and attendance at Deake’s school evaporated in the next few years. Finally, on January 2, 1776, Deake requested relief from his position as schoolmaster and left soon after. There is some evidence he moved to New York state and worked as a minister. Deake died in 1794.

Paul, Christiana (née Occom)

Christiana Occom was born in 1757 in Mohegan, CT as the ninth child of Samson Occom and Mary Fowler. Christiana spent her childhood in Mohegan, where she married the Reverend Anthony Paul in 1777. The couple eventually settled in Brotherton in 1784. There, they raised at least six children, four of which Samson Occom baptized. Occom's journals tell of many joyful visits he paid to his daughter and son-in-law while on his travels. Christiana and Anthony finally left Brotherton in 1797 to settle in Lake George, NY.

Burroughs, Amos
Sergeant, Jr., John

John Sergeant Jr., like his father, served as a minister in Stockbridge, MA. In 1773, Stephen West, the minister to the Stockbridge Indians since 1757, decided to leave his post and turned over ministering duties to John Sergeant Jr. Stockbridge, MA, which John Sergeant Sr. helped establish, failed as a Christian Indian town when the Stockbridge Indians lost ownership of their land. When the Oneida Tribe offered the Stockbridgers land in central New York after the American Revolution, many of them moved to the Brothertown and New Stockbridge settlements. The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge funded Sergeant Jr. in 1787 to continue serving as a minister to the Stockbridge Indians who moved to New York. Sergeant travelled from Stockbridge, MA, to New Stockbridge every year to serve as their minister. In 1788, the Stockbridge Indians at New Stockbridge were divided in their support for Occom or John Sergeant as the town’s minister. Mohican sachem Hendrick Aupaumut led the community members who favored Occom. According to Sergeant, 30 members of the Tribe were in favor of Occom while 50 were in favor of him (later, half of Occom’s supporters defected to Sergeant). The relationship between Sergeant and Occom was contentious, with Occom disliking Sergeant’s manner of preaching. Occom moved to Munhegunnack or New Stockbridge in 1791 and suggests in a letter that many of Sergeant’s supporters were shifting support to Occom. In his sermons, Sergeant blamed the Indians’ loss of land on what he described as their drunkenness and idleness. He suggested that the whites’ encroachment on their lands was God’s punishment for their sins. Sergeant remained the New Stockbridge minister until his death in 1824.

Yoke, Jehoiakim

Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is likely a Stockbridge Indian who enlisted with colonial forces during the American Revolution. Yoke rose through the ranks to become the Captain of a company of Indian rangers. It appears that he primarily fought on the war's western front, often against Native Americans loyal to Great Britain, and was a part of the infamous Sullivan Expedition. In response to a number of successful raids by Native allies of the British, George Washington tasked General John Sullivan with destroying Indian villages and decimating Indian food supplies in western New York. By the end of the expedition, General Sullivan’s army had destroyed more than 40 villages. A Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is mentioned in the Revolutionary War writing of David Freemoyer. In Freemoyer’s account, Captain Yoke and Freemoyer’s men were involved in conflicts with Native American troops under the command of the Mohawk leader (and Moor's alumnus) Joseph Brant. In his Revolutionary War journal, Chaplain William Rogers refers to a Captain Jehoiakim, an Indian from Stockbridge. In his entries from June of 1779, Rogers describes an incident where Native allies of the British attempted to reconnoiter the Colonial encampment but were driven away. This Captain Jehoiakim and two other Stockbridge Indians pursued the Native Americans but were unsuccessful in capturing them. William DeLoss Love writes about a Timothy Yokens, who became a captain of a company of Indian rangers. Given the similar descriptions of this Stockbridge Indian captain, it seems that the sources may be referring to the same man, with whom Occom lodged several times in 1786.

Lott, Philip
Shuneman, John
HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1785 December 15 to 1786 January 22
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