Skip to main content
 Previous Next
  • Zoom In (+)
  • Zoom Out (-)
  • Rotate CW (r)
  • Rotate CCW (R)
  • Overview (h)
Eleazar Wheelock to Joseph Bingham, account, 1767 April 30

ms-number: 767280.1

abstract: Settlement of Joseph Bingham's account for labor, board, and lodging.

handwriting: Unknown hand is clear and legible with some abbreviations. Dashes and dots are occasionally difficult to decipher; the transcriber has used her discretion.

paper: Oversized sheet is folded in half vertically and is in good condition, with light-to-moderate creasing, staining and wear.

ink: Brown.

noteworthy: In instances where Wheelock's intention regarding a word or abbreviation is uncertain, the word or abbreviation has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription. Due to format of ledger transcription, line breaks may not exactly match those of the document. Please see image for exact layout.

Revd Eleazar Wheelock to Joseph Bingham
To 1 day Work upon Fence — 0..3—
To 1 day drawing Logs to Mill ..... 0..3..6
To 2 days getting Logs to Mill ...... .0..8—
To 1 1/2 day drawing Stones ...... 0..5..3
To 1 day loading Stones by O[illegible]ias ..— 0..2..6
To 1 1/2 day Work on Fence ..— 0..5..3
To 9 days making Wall.. @ 4/ .... 1..16—
To 1 day carting Boards from Mill — ..3..6
To 1 day getting poſts & making fence — ..3..6
To Carting Lime & Goods from Norwich ..6—
To paid prince Tracy for ſawing Boards — ..12—
To 2 days Work on board Fence — — ..7—
May To 1 day Work ⅌ Mr Woodward ..4—
To a Calf — — ..15—
To 2 days Work upon Fence — — ..7—
To mending Cart Wheel ... — ..5—
To 1 day Work upon Fence .. — ..3—
June To paid Mr Tracy for ſawing — — ..3—
To Cutting bruſhes 2 days — ..6—
To 8 days Work upon Barn @ 3/6 — 1..8—
To 2 1/2 Days carting Stones — ..9—
August To a Plough — — 1..10—
To 9 1/2 days Work upon Barn @ 3/6 — 1..13..3
Septr To 1 do — do ..3..3
To 5 do — do — @ 3/ — ..15—
Dec.r To 7 do — do — @ 2/6 — ..17..6
To 1 days Work clearing — ..2..6
To getting out your Corn — — ..4..6
To 2 days Work making Wall and}
carting Stones —} — ..8—
To 2 days ditto — @ 2/9 — ..5..6
To 1 1/2 day clearing — @ 3/ — ..4..6
April To 2 days laying Wall — ..7—
To 1 day Carting Stones — ..2..6
To 1 day Carting Clay — ..2..6
To 1 day laying Wall — ..3..6
To 1 day Carting Stones — ..2..6
To 1 day cutting Stones for the Stow — ..4—
To 4 days carting Stones & laying Wall — ..14—
To 1 day laying Wall — ..4—
To 1 day Carting Stones — ..3..6
To keeping the Maſons — ..3—
To Mr Allen's Board — — ..1—
To attending Maſons — ..11—
To making Wall & Bars 1 1/2 day — ..5..6
To clearing 2 Days — ..7—
To carting Sand for plaiſtering &
making Mortar —} ..3..6
To 2 1/2 days Work clearing @ 3/6 — ..8..9
Carried Over 19..2..9
[right]Joſeph Bingham's
Accot Settled April 30th
Brought over — 19..2..9
To 1/2 day making Lath — ..1..9
To 1 day ditto — ..3..6
To Mr Dodge's Board — ..3..—
To 2 days getting Timber & making
Lath — — } ..7..—
To 1 1/2 day making Morter &
attending Maſons — } —..6..—
To 1 day Work clearing — —..3..6..—
To Mr Allen's Board — ..2..—
To Cash paid John Allen 1.14.5
pd Simons & Jennings 10.6
pd for Wheat — 4—
pd Mr Waterman 1— 9.5
pd Silas Bingham ..8..—
pd Mr Waterman ..3..—
pd David Huntington ..2..6
pd for Rum — ..1..1
pd [gap: omitted] Caulkins ..2..6
pd for Pork — — ..6..—
pd Mr Waterman ..2..9
pd Mr Spafford ..3..—
pd Mr Frink for underpinn-
ing Barn —} ..6..6
pd for Wheat — ..4..—
pd James Flint ..18..6
pd for Rum — ..9..—
pd Mr Waterman 1..6..6
pd Eleazr Bingham ..18..6
pd for Rum — ..3..—
pd for Tobacco — ..6..—
pd Mr Spafford ..7..—
pd Mr Backus for Rum 1..15..—
pd Mr Badger 2..5..6
pd Mr Ripley ..6..—
pd for Wheat — ..4..—
pd Danl Hibberd ..17..6
pd Eleazr Bingham ..2..—6
pd Docr Elderkin for Rates 1..5..—
pd Mr Calkins ..3..—
pd Mr Woodward for Rye — ..37..—6
pd Mr Allen 1..4..—
pd Mr Woodward 10..12..—
pd ditto — — 1..0..6
pd Mr Taylor ..1..10
pd Amos Allen 3..6
pd Mr Flint for Nails — ..6..—
pd Eleazr Bingham for Hay — ..18..—
To weaving 20 yds Diaper — 10—
do. 32 yds checkd Linnn ..16—
do. 40 yds Tow Cloth — 1..—
do. 7 1/4 yds white worſtd ..3..—
do. 11 yds Bed Tick @ 9d ..8..[illegible]3
Carried forward 45..4..9
Brought forward — 45..4..9
To boarding Molly Mohawk 2..13..—
To making 2 Shifts for M[illegible] Eliſh
— }
April 30.
Ballance due to the Revd Eleazar Wheelock — }
referred to New Accot
April 30.
Supra— Cr
By Sundries ⅌ your Acco.t 82..16..—
Windham April 30th 1767
Errors Excepted
Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Backus, Nathaniel

Captain Nathaniel Backus Junior (II) provided Occom with supplies. Like Elijah Backus, he was a member of the prominent Backus family. Although he also had a son named Nathaniel Backus (III), it is more likely that Nathaniel Backus Jr. refers to Nathaniel Backus II, as Nathaniel Backus II regularly went by N. Backus Jr, since he co-existed in Norwich politics with his father, Nathaniel Backus Sr. (I).

Dodge, Phineas

Phineas Dodge was an Anglo-American charity scholar at Moor’s Indian Charity School who served Samuel Kirkland as a schoolmaster at Kanawalohale twice, in 1767/8 and again in 1771. Phineas was the youngest son of Amos Dodge, a carpenter in Windham, CT. As was the case for other charity scholars, Moor’s afforded Dodge with an education he likely could not have accessed otherwise. While many of Dodge’s classmates attended Yale, Dodge himself did not, though it is unclear why. Dodge was sent to Oneida in 1767 to replace David Fowler as schoolmaster at Kanawalohale, but returned that spring as both he and Samuel Kirkland, the missionary in charge, were ill. He did not work for Wheelock again. However, he stayed in close contact with Kirkland, and served as his schoolmaster in 1771. Again, his health cut his mission short, and he retired from missionary service to keep school in Windham, CT, until his death in 1773. Dodge seems to have been exceptionally religious: his letters to Kirkland are predominantly abstract and religious in nature, with local news thrown in and little personal information.

Allen, John
Allen, Amos
Bingham, Eleazar
Bingham, Joseph
Bingham, Silas
Flint James
Hibberd, Daniel
Huntington, David
Huntington, Elis.h
Mohawk, Molly
Tracy, Prince
HomeEleazar Wheelock to Joseph Bingham, account, 1767 April 30
 Text Only
 Text & Inline Image
 Text & Image Viewer
 Image Viewer Only