abstract: Two hymns by Occom and one by Isaac Watts, copied out by Occom.
handwriting: Occom's hand is clear and legible.
paper: Three separate sheets are in good-to-poor condition: the first page (one recto/verso) is large, with moderate staining, creasing and wear. The second page (two recto/verso) is a smaller sheet, with heavy staining, creasing and wear that leads to a loss of text. The last sheet of paper (three recto/verso) is a large sheet folded in half to make four (blank) pages; it is in good condition, with light staining, creasing and wear, and holes that appear to have come from a binding.
ink: Strong brown to faded brown.
noteworthy: The third hymn entitled "Nativity" is "The Nativity of
Christ" by Isaac Watts, from Horae Lyicae Book 1, 8th edition (London: James
Brackstone, 1743), pp 14-15; Occom reverses the order of the last two stanzas,
leaves out stanza 6:
"Glory to God that reigns above!
Let Peace surround the Earth!
Mortals shall know their Maker’s Love,
At their Redeemer’s Birth."
On three recto, the note “1773” is written in pencil; this note has not been included in the transcription.
And hear me boldly tell,
The w⇑onders of Redeeming Love,
That Sav'd my Soul from Hell,
2) It was but a few Days ago,
I Saw my awful Caſe,
Nothing but hell and dark Diſpare,
Lay plain before my face.
3) O then I Viewd the Damned Crew,
Of all the numerous race,
And I of all that went to hell
Deſerv⇑ed the loweſt place
4) Juſtice of god so on me lay,
I could no Comfort find
Till I was willing to forſake,
And leave all my sins behind,
5) The Lord was Strong he bowd my will,
And made ⇑me this to See,
Nothing but Jeſus Cruſified,
Co⇑uld Save a wretch like me.
6) O then I Viewd mount Calvery,
With gods eternal Son
Who on the Cu⇑rſed Tree did Die,
For Sins ⇑that I had done
7) O how Rejoicd I was to think,
A Saviour I had found,
It turnd my Sorrows into Joy,
To hear the Bleſsed Sound,
8) Salvation from ⇑my God on high,
So pleaſently did Ring,
It Sot my Soul at Liberty,
To praiſe my heavenly King,
9) And while I dwell on Earth below
I,ll praiſe my Jeſus here
And then go to yonder Wold
And praiſe my Jeſus there
10) And there thro' all Eternity,
In the Sweet Relms above
There I Shall Sing that bleſed Song
Free grace and Dying Love
And leave me here behind,
Don't Stop for me for now See,
The Lord is juſt and kind.
2) Go on, go on my Soul Says go,
And I,ll Come after you,
Tho' I'm behind, yet I Can find,
I,ll Sing Hosan⇑na too.
3) Lord give you Strength, that you may run,
And keep your footsteps right,
Tho' faſt you go, and I So Slow,
You are not out of Sight.
4) When you get to the Worlds above,
And all his glory See,
When you get home, your Journey's done,
Then Look you out for me.
5) For I will come faſt as I Can,
A long that way I Steer
Lord give me Strength, I Shall at length
Be won⇑one amonſgſt you there.
6) There all together we Shall be,
Together we will Sing,
Together we will praiſe our god,
And everlaſting King.
And Send your Fears a way
News from the Reigions of the Skies
Salvations Born to Day
2) Jeſus the God whom Angels fear
Coms down to dwell with you
To Day he makes his enterance here
But not as Monarchs do
3) No gold nor purple Swadling Bands
Nor Royal shining Things
A Manger for his Cradle Stands
And holds the King of Kings
4) Go Shephards where the Infant lies
And his humble Throne
With Tears of Joy in all your Eyes
Go Shephards Kiſs the Son
5) Thus Gabriel Sang and Straight around
The Heavenly Armies throng
They Tune their Harps to lofty Skies
And thus Conclude the Song
6) Glory to god that Reigns above
That pitied us forlorn
W[gap: worn_edge][guess: e jo]in to Sing our Makers Love
[gap: worn_edge][guess: For there's] a Saviour Born
7) Lord! and shall Angels have their Song
And men no Tunes to raiſe
O! may we loſe theſe uſeleſs Tongues
When we forget to Praiſe
Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.