The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts

Variant name:

Episcopal Missionaries

Address:

London, England

Description:

The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) is an Anglican missionary organization. It was founded in 1701 to promote Anglicanism worldwide. In the American colonies, the SPG not only pursued missionary efforts among Indians and African slaves, it also strove to convert members of dissenting sects, or sects that had split off from the Church of England (including Congregationalists, Presbyterians, Quakers, and Baptists). Wheelock clashed with the SPG over access to the Six Nations. Starting in 1704, the SPG sent periodic missionaries to the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois), especially the Mohawks. Anglican influence in the area expanded with the appointment of Sir William Johnson, the Superintendent for British Indian Affairs in the Northeast, an Anglican who set up his headquarters in Mohawk territory. Johnson was also Wheelock's link to the Six Nations. He was willing to help Wheelock as long as the SPG was not trying to place missionaries among the Six Nations; however, as soon as Anglican missionaries were available, he supported them to exclusion of Wheelock's missionaries. Thus, religion was yet another factor in the dissolution of Johnson and Wheelock's relationship. Once Wheelock withdrew from the Six Nations in 1769, the SPG took over entirely. The SPG also interfered with Occom's fundraising tour of Great Britain in 1765. They sent over their own ordained Indian to try to pre-empt Occom; however, their Indian minister spoke no English and was not a success.

All related documents: retrieve them
Sources:

Andrews, Edward E. Native Apostles: Black and Indian Missionaries in the British Atlantic World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press 2013. Calloway, Colin G. The Indian History of an American Institution: Native Americans at Dartmouth. Hanover: Dartmouth College Press 2010. Cremin, Lawrence A. American Education: The Colonial Experience, 1607-1783. New York: Harper & Row 1970. McCallum, James, ed. The Letters of Eleazar Wheelock’s Indians. Hanover: Dartmouth College Press 1932. Szasz, Margaret Connell. Indian Education in the American Colonies, 1607-1783. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press 1988.